By Sara and Amanda
A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer’s language with the indigenous language of the people being dominate.
Ex) During the era of English colonization, Even though English had more dominance over the indigenous language of the Native Americans, English has adopted some of their vocabulary like moccasins or canoe.
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling and pronunciations.
Ex) American English has diverged from British English because of the isolation between the two countries.
American English has a broader vocabulary based on different experiences, “Moose”, “Chipmunk”.
Also spelling is different, (Color and Colour) in pronunciation, Americans pronounce necessary with 3 syllables than 2 syllables.
A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family.
Ex) Basque is an isolated language because it hasn't been effected by the Indo-European speakers, and because of the its Isolation in the pyrenees Mountains.
No attempt to link Basque to the common origin of the other European languages has been successful.
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a Lingua Franca used for communications among speakers of two different languages
Ex) Spanglish is a Pidgin language because it converts English words into Spanish forms, such as cognates, which can help people communicate if one speaks English and one speaks Spanish.