The Renaissance

By: Bruno, Ryan, & Logan

Renaissance comes from the french word “Rinascita”, which means “rebirth.” It is also known as the "Italian Renaissance."
Renaissance Man ("Blister in the Sun" by the Violent Femmes)

What is it?

The Renaissance, which means rebirth, was a cultural movement after the "Middle Ages" from 14th–16th centuries that revived art and literature under the influence of classical models. This period marked huge changes for people living in Europe, and now, the whole world. Many of the scientific, artistic, and cultural achievements of the Renaissance share common themes between them. Most notably, the humanistic belief that man was the center of his own universe. The Renaissance was also an age of new discoveries, both geographically and intellectually.

How did it start? Where did it start?(Why)

Towards the end of the 14th Century, A group of Italian thinkers declared they were living in a new age. They wanted to "rebirth learning" and spread their ideas throughout Italy and all over Europe. Italy is said to be the source of the birth of the Renaissance, since finance was a key factor in spurring on works from a new creative force of artists and writers. By the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, Italy was trading with Asia and Europe, increasing its wealth.

How did it change the world?

Many advancements in art and science were made.
Printing-In 1445 the German Gutenberg invented the printing press. He changed the lives of millions of people throughout Europe. For the first time, bookmaking became cheap and Gutenberg was able to print many books very quickly.
In the Middle Ages books were very expensive because they were written by hand. Only priests and monks could read them because most of them were written in Latin.
In the Renaissance the middle classes had the money to buy books but they wanted books that they could read in their own language. People bought, romances, poetry and almanacs. They read more and became better educated.

Art and Architecture-In the Renaissance artists and architects used mathematics to plan their works. They discovered that many objects in nature have a certain proportion. They called this the golden mean. It is often found in the shape of a leaf or in the form of buildings. Many of them found out that the human body also displayed proportions .

Artists of the Renaissance started to experiment with perspective in their works. They learned that if they made an object smaller and put it in the background of a picture it appeared farther away.
Michelangelo was the most famous artist of the Renaissance. He studied painting and sculpture in Florence, where he created his famous sculpture of David for the Florence cathedral . In his later life he painted the ceiling of the Sistine chapel in the Vatican—probably his most famous painting.

Science- The Renaissance resulted in great advances in geography, astronomy, chemistry, physics, mathematics, manufacturing, and engineering. Leonardo da Vinci was an important man in the advancements in technology made at that time. Many of his theories are still used and worked with in the world today. Without the knowledge of da Vinci and many other men, the course of scientific advancements in history would have been much more different and difficult. Many of the scientists during this time used their knowledge of art and science to experiment new theories of different topics that have affected us positively today.

Many of the discoveries made during the time of the Renaissance, have contributed to the way things we do things in our lives now. During the Renaissance, many people's viewpoints about the world changed because of the discoveries and theories made by the great thinkers of the Renaissance.

Renaissance Da Vinci Flying Machine

Who were the major figures?

The numerous great thinkers of the renaissance era who excelled in multiple fields of the arts and science, include Leonardo Da vinci, Michelangelo, Galileo Galilei, Nicolaus Copernicus, and Michael Servetus. They are all said to be “Renaissance Man” because of their artistic developments and the contributions they made to science which lead them to be recognized as polymaths.
A polymath is a term for a person who is highly intelligible and may simply be someone who is very knowledgeable. The concept “polymaths” emerged from all the men who contributed greatly in the Renaissance era.

Essential Question- How did the developments in art and science during the Renaissance impact the world today?