Explanation of Theories of Ageing
Sociological, Psychological and Biological theories
Disposable Soma Theory
Erikson's Stages of Ageing
The first stage which is infancy (Trust vs Mistrust) relates to the major emphasis on the mother and father's nurturing ability in terms of visual contact and touch. The child will develop optimism, trust, confidence and security if properly cared for. If a child does not experience trust, they will develop insecurity, worthlessness and mistrust the world.
The next stage is toddler (Autonomy vs Shame) is when the children have the opportunity to build self esteem and autonomy when they begin to learn new skills and right from wrong. Children tend to be vulnerable due to low self esteem as they can not learn certain skills.
The third stage is preschooler (Initiative vs Guilt) this is the stage where children experience a desire to copy adults and use initiative to create play situations. Most significant relationship at this stage is with basic family.
School age child (Industry vs Inferiority) is when a child is capable of learning, creating and accomplishing new skills and knowledge as this is the social stage of development.
Adolescent (Identity vs Role Confusion) is the stage where development depends on what a person does and they must struggle to find their identity.
The next stage is young adult (Intimacy vs Isolation) this is the stage where people begin to seek love and companions so they can settle down and start a family.
Middle aged adult (Generative vs Stagnation) is when people's careers and work are the most important things. They take greater responsibilities and a lot more control in their lives. People also suffer major life shifts such as children leaving home.
The last stage is late adult (Integrity vs Despair) this is stage where it is believed that much of life is preparing for the middle adulthood stage and the last stage is for reflection. Some look back and feel integrity that is contentment and fulfilment. Others have a sense of despair reflecting upon their experiences and failures. Many fear death and struggle to find purpose upon their lives. (learning-theories; 2015)