HITLER AND HIS RISE TO POWER

By Waleed Waleed

THE BEGINNING

Adolf Hitler's rise to power began in Germany in September 1919 when Hitler joined the political party known as the Deutsche Arbeiterpartei -DAP (German Workers' Party).


After being granted permission from King Ludwig III of Bavaria, Hitler enlisted in a Bavarian regiment of the German army. For over four years Germany was a principal belligerent in World War 1 on the Western Front.

MOVE TOWARDS POWER

In the German election, May 1928 the Party achieved just 12 seats (2.6% of the vote) in the Reichstag. At the end of 1928, party membership was recorded at 130,000.


The Great Depression was also a factor in Hitler's electoral success. Against this legal backdrop, the SA began its first major anti-Jewish action on 13 October 1930 when groups of Brownshirts smashed the windows of Jewish-owned stores at Potsdamer Platz (which is at the centre of Berlin, Germany.

SEIZURE OF CONTROL

On 10 March 1931, with street violence between the Rotfront and SA spiraling out of control, breaking all previous barriers and expectations.


The attacks continued, and reached fever pitch when SA storm leader Axel Schaffeld was assassinated. At the end of July, the Nazi Party gained almost 14,000,000 votes, securing 230 seats in the Reichstag.


Three days after the presidential elections, the German government banned the NSDAP ( National Socialist German Workers' Party) paramilitaries, the SA and the SS, on the basis of the Emergency Decree for the Preservation of State Authority.


On 30 January 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor of a coalition government of the NSDAP-DNVP Party.

CHANCELLOR TO DICTATOR

The Nazis began to suspend civil liberties and eliminate political opposition. The law gave him the freedom to act without parliamentary consent and even without constitutional limitations.


Paul Von Hindenburg, will appoint Hitler chancellor of Germany in a government seemingly dominated by conservatives on January 30, 1933. Hitler would not fully achieve full power until after the death of Hindenburg in August 1934. Hindenburg remained commander and chief of the military and retained the power to negotiate foreign treaties.