By S.E. 4th Period

What is Drama?

A drama is a performance on a stage in front of an audience that tells a story. The word drama originates from the greek word dran which means "to do." Just like in stories dramas have plots that involve an exposition, conflict, rising action, climax, and resolution.

Types of Dramas


Tragedies are dramas that have sad endings. The protagonists of tragedies are know as tragic heroes. This type of hero is admirable but has a tragic flaw which leads to a poor ending.


Comedies are dramas that have happy endings and usually have a romantic conflict. The main character in a comedy could be anyone. It could be royalty, townsfolk, or even a servant. Comic complications always are solved before the ending which usually ends in an event like a wedding.

Modern Dramas

Modern dramas can be tragedies, comedies, or a mixture of both. Modern drama playwrights often use unconventional plot structures such as flashbacks, music, or even visual projections of a character's thoughts.

Setting The Stage

Stages can have many different layouts. Thrust stages go into the audience and have people surrounded on three sides of it. "In the round" stages are circular and have the audience all around them. Proscenium stages have one side pointing toward the audience which leaves more room for behind the scenes work to take place.

Scene design transforms a bare stage into the world of the play. Scene design consists of sets, lighting, costume, and props. A stage's set might be realistic and detailed or abstract and minimal. Just like sets, costumes can be highly detailed or minimal. Props are important so that the actors can interact with things to make the play seem more realistic.