Is right to make your child do work?
Intro to Child Labor
Child Labor in the Philippines
Children going to a 12 hour night shift on a cold December night in the United States (1908)
Young girl working on a loom in Aït Benhaddou, Morocco in 2008
The History of Child Labor
The Cons of Child Labor
- Children in India work in mineshafts without the proper equipment, that means they have a greater risk of getting diseases
- In the Philippines, a survey found that children working in agriculture are put in higher risk of injury compared to any other child working
- Since children are so young, they are less pay, can't protest against the way they are being treated or payed, and it's easier to fire them. This way its just easier to have them as a worker, also it will exploit them
- Children doing child labor are not allowed to go to school because going to school is a sure way to eliminate poverty
- Since children don't require as much money to pay, and lota of companies want to hir children, adults find it hard to get jobs
- Kids working with harmful chemicals, heavy equipment, etc. can be affected by that in later years, e.g. children in Pakistan and India stitch soccer balls by hand, this can cause intense pressure on children's finger joints and can cause further damage
- Children who work in factories sometimes work with harmful chemicals, dangerous machinery, and unheated or unventilated workspaces
The Pros of Child Labor
- In foreign families' work ethnic, child labor is sometimes seen as "participation", most of these countries though, are poor countries
- children can fit into small spaces, so they can do jobs adults cannot, e.g. chimney sweeps and working in marrow mineshafts
- Doing house work, for example, cooking or cleaning, can help them when they get older
- Since children learn things quickly and they do it repitive (for example, if they're working in a facory) then they can learn it quickly and it sticks with them
- Child labor can help a company too. Since the company doesn't have to pay the children so much, the company can spend more money producing items and selling them
- In a developing country it helps companies and businesses because children are less money to pay then adults
Regulating Child Labor
- Britain's Factory Act of 1802 helped with the end to child labor. It prohibited children ages 9 to 13 to work more than 8 hours per day
- Britain's Factory Act helped the conditions, and work amount of the children. This was a big help because other countries followed
- Massechuetts helped by limiting working children's work hours. Soon after other states passed similar laws
- The Federal Government enacted a child labor law which resticted when children can work and what jobs they can have
- fortunatley, in 1899 28 states passed child labor laws, but then the Congress passed two laws, in 1918 and 1922, and the Supreme Court declared them unlawful
- Sadly, in 1924, Congress passed a law, but the statees did not approve it. Then, in 1938 Congress passed the Fair Labors Standards Act
2 girls protesting against child labor in the 1909 New York City Labor Day Parade
My Thoughts of Child Labor
My Work Cited
Anti-Slavery International and International Confederation of Free Trade Unions. "Forced Child Labor Is a Human Rights Abuse." Do Children Have Rights? Ed. Jamuna Carroll. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2006. At Issue. Rpt. from "Forced Labour in the 21st Century." 2001. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
"Child Labor." Reviewed by Milton Fried. The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online, 2014. 26 June 2014. Web. 09 Dec. 2014
"Child Labor." Opposing Viewpoints Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2014. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 4 Dec. 2014
Craig, Jamie. "Pros and Cons of Child Labor." Pros and Cons of Child Labor. Helium Inc., 04 Oct. 2009. Web. 05 Dec. 2014.
Doyle, Alison. "How the Child Labor Law Protects Children Workers." Job Search. About.com, 2014. Web. 11 Dec. 2014.
"Hazardous Child Labour." WHO. World Health Organization, 2014. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.
Parker, David. "Health Issues." - The Child Labor Education Project. K-12 Teachers’ Materials, n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2014.
Somavia, Juan. "Resources for Speakers, Global Issues, Africa, Ageing, Agriculture, Aids, Atomic Energy, Children, Climate Change, Culture, Decolonization, Demining, Development, Disabilities, Disarmament, Environment, Food, Governance, Humanitarian, Refugees, Women." UN News Center. UN, 2008. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.
Trattner, Walter. "Child Labor." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 1991. Web. 04 Dec. 2014.