By: Jamie Goerlitz and Carson Anne Groves
The excretory system consits of the Ureter, Kidney, Bladder, and Urethra
Kidney-It sits against the back muscle in the upper ab. cavity. They sit on each side of the Spine. The right kidney sits a little lower then the left to accomodate the liver. The kidney's are multi-talented powerhouse for activity with the urinary system.The kidneys filter toxins, and excess salt. It also produces the liquid waste.
Bladder-Is like a stomach that is an expandable sac that contracts when it's empty.The fold inside tucks under to accomodate liquid. As the bladder fills with 2 ureters- tubes to expel urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Typical human bladder reaches it's capacity between 16-24oz urine. The urge to urinate comes when the bladder is about 1-quarter full.
Urethra- Is the tube that connects the urinary bladder to the outside part of the body. It allows urine to flow out of the body. The urethra also carries semen for men. The women's is short and above the vagina.
What body systems does the Excretory System interact with?
The Excretory System cleans the waste products that the Respiratory System produces. For example, it gets rid of carbon dioxide.
When you consume to much liquid, hormones by the Endocrine System are released for more urine to be released.
The Digestive System has an esophagus that carries down liquids or raw food to the stomach for the food to break down into nutrients. After that, the blood takes the liquid wastes to be filtered in the kidneys. Then, the filtered liquid goes through your ureter to your bladder. Finally, it goes through the urethra and out the body.
Disease of the Excretory sysytem
Treatment- Antibiotics can be used to treat this condition.
Kidney stone-Change increase in salt, and mineral levels and other substances in the urine.
Symptoms- 1. vomiting/nausea 2. painful urination 3. frequent urination 4.fever/chills 5.bloody smelly urine 6. sharp pain in the back/side.Treatment-reduced size of stones tend to pass out of the body without requiring surgery.
Urethral Stricture-It can be caused by infection of the urinary tract and injuries due to pelvic fraction. Symptoms- 1. pain with urinating 2. reduction in urine flow 3. urine retention in the bladder 4. more time required for urination 5. feeling of never emptying your bladder 6.blood in the urine
*There are more diseases but there were to many to name.
If you damage it, will it affect your life?
Current medical research!
Though men also suffer from this problem , the problem is nearly 8 times more in women than men. It's been found that 15% of women suffer from Cystitis annually .