Richard Nixon

Republican

New Federalism

  • State and local governments share the responsibility of the welfare system
  • It directed money and power away from the federal bureaucracy and toward the states

Foreign Policy

  • Détente (Easy Tensions): opened up a relation with China and signed a Nuclear Arms Treaty with Russia which reduced the amount of nuclear weapons and reduced tension between US and Russia.

SALT I and SALT II

Salt I- USA met with Soviet Union to discuss the dismantling of old nuclear Missles. After several conferences Nixon and Berzhnev signed the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty that required both countries dismantled their ICMB's if the were to create SLBM's in order to keep the number of nuclear missiles to a minimum in both countries.

Salt II- USA met again with the Soviet Union in order to discourage the soviets from arming their new generation of ICMB's. They signed a treaty and both upheld their end to not arm new missiles until 1986 when they were accused of re-arming the missiles by the Reagan Administration.

Biography

Born: Jan 9, 1913 in Yorba Linda, California
Died: April 22, 1994 in New York City
Education: Whittier College, Duke University of Law
Children: Tricia Nixon, Julie Nixon
Spouse: Pat Ryan
Military service: Lieutenant Commander of U.S. Navy

What Defined Him As A President

  • During his Presidency, Nixon succeeded in ending American fighting in Viet Nam and improving relations with the U.S.S.R. and China. But the Watergate scandal brought fresh divisions to the country and ultimately led to his resignation.

Domestic Policy

  • Foreign affairs remained his major focus, the Nixon Administration issued a number of reforms. On the domestic front, Nixon hoped to keep Congress in check and initiate policies designed to return power to the states. However, his "New Federalism" did not impress a Democratic Congress determined to block the president’s policies.

Watergate

  • On June 17, 1972, McCord and four other men working for the Committee to Re-Elect the President broke into the Democratic Party’s headquarters in the Watergate, a hotel-office building in Washington, D.C. They got caught going through files and trying to plant listening devices. Five days later, Nixon denied any knowledge of it or that his administration played any role in it. In the summer of 1974 the tapes showed he was apart of the cover up and he was impeached for obstruction of justice.