Lord of the Flies

Final Project

Chelsea Sarring

Types of Governments

Democracies are ruled by the citizens. The people would govern by voting on important issues, and would be able to vote directly for everything. Also, everyone would have an equal voice (Types).

Republics are similar to democracies, except people elect representatives to make decisions. This means that people are not able to vote directly for things. Most countries that seem to be democratic are only republics (Types).

Monarchies are ruled by a king or queen. Unless their power is limited by a constitution, they have absolute power and can do whatever they want. Also, power is hereditary, and many kings and queens believed that they received their power from God (Types).

Dictatorships are ruled by one person or group. That person has complete control over the country, and nothing is limiting their power. Most dictators would not admit that they are dictators, so they call their governments democracies (Types).

In the book, Jack's tribe was a dictatorship. Jack was the dictator, and he took full power over everything. For example, he used harsh punishments whenever he wanted to, but did not feel the need to explain himself. He had a boy, Wilfred tied up even though no one knew what he did. Robert said, "He's going to beat Wilfred... He got angry and made us tie Wilfred up... he's been tied for hours, waiting--" (160).

Ralph's tribe was a republic because he was elected as chief and was supposed to make decisions. He would listen to the input of the others, but really he had the power. For example, he wanted to make sure that the signal fire was lit, even though the rest of the group did not want to go back to the mountain. He told them, "I'm chief. We've got to make certain. Can't you see the mountain? There's no signal showing. There may be a ship out there. Are you all off your rockers?" (108)

My Government

I would choose a republic for my island society. I believe that this is the most effective because it would allow people in the group to have a say on important decisions, but having an elected group of people make the decisions may have it run more smoothly. This would allow for a more organized way to solve problems and avoid conflicts.

The constitution for my society includes:

1. The chief would be chosen by a direct vote. Any one could be a candidate for becoming chief. Also, the chief would guide the group of representatives in making decisions.

2. A group of representatives would also be chosen by a direct vote. The size of the legislature would be proportional to the population. The legislature led by the chief would make all decisions.

3. Elections would be held every week.

4. Labor would be divided up among all of the population. There would be hunters, builders for shelters and tools, gatherers for fruit, water collectors, people to maintain the fire, and other jobs that are necessary.

5. Everyone would work. The chief and representatives would be included in dividing labor.

6. The jobs would be rotated each week to ensure that the division of labor is equally spread throughout the entire group. This would also avoid conflicts between divisions if one group thinks that they are doing more than another. It would also make people more open to the ideas of other groups because they would have similar experiences.

7. Each division of labor would be equally represented in the legislature.

8. Everyone would be able to voice their opinions to try to influence the legislature. They would also be allowed to criticize any of the decisions made.

9. Everyone must work during their set times. Laziness would make the society fall apart.

10. There would be set times for rest to discourage people from becoming lazy and ignoring their work.

These rules would be enforced by having the group elect a few people from each division of labor to police the others. They would not be allowed to use excessive force, and the punishments would be decided by the legislature. The elections for police would be held every week along with the elections for the chief and representatives.

Historical Example of In-Fighting

The Commune of Paris formed in 1871, after the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War and the collapse of the Second Empire. They were defeated in less than one year, and the Parisians felt like the rest of France had abandoned them. Especially after Paris withstood a six month siege by the Prussians without any aid from France. Feeling betrayed, they also feared that France would reinstate the monarchy, so they seceded from France and began their own commune. They wanted to recreate parts of the radical phase of the French Revolution in 1793 such as the Revolutionary Calendar that was secular and had a ten day week. The Parisian government was then overthrown by the government in Versailles with help from the Prussians who was allowing them to recreate their government after their defeat in the war. During the fighting, the Parisians barricaded the streets and burned buildings. 20,000 were killed along with 750 government troops. Paris was harshly oppressed afterwards in that 38,000 people were arrested and 7,000 were deported . This affected the people in the country because they were less trusting of one another. The tension grew and many were paranoid. This also affected the land because much of Paris was burned down. These buildings included the Tuileries Palace and the City Hall. Afterwards, the government became more oppressive on the city (Commune).

This parallels the book because Jack's hunters broke away from Ralph, taking the majority of the group with them. Ralph was then in the minority, trying to stay civilized, just as the Parisians tried to avoid reinstating the monarchy. An example of this in the book is when Ralph wanted to call a meeting, and instead his tribe was attacked by Jack's, and Piggy was killed. "The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee; the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist" (181). Piggy was killed just as thousands of Parisians were killed, and the government that they thought would bring them peace and order was overthrown just as the conch was broken.
Unlearned lessons of the Paris Commune

Current Conflict

In 2011 through 2012, there were protests in Syria inspired by the Arab Spring in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya. The protests were put down by the government and eventually escalated into a civil war. The conflict is mainly between those who want to overthrow the government, and the Assad family that has been in power since 1971. The Assad family is not extremist, so the conflict is not entirely over religion, differing from the Arab Spring. The conflict was over unemployment, a long lasting dictatorship, corruption and state violence (Syrian).

The Free Syrian Army (FSA) formed in July of 2011, and then the Islamic Front in 2013. Militias formed locally, wanting to create a government that does not have strong centralized power. Both the Syrian government and the FSA decided that the conflict would be solved through war. Also, both sides received support from foreign countries. The FSA was supported by countries such as Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, America, France and Libya. The government received support from Russia, North Korea, Iraq and Yemen. The FSA's strengths include the support of the Sunni majority of the country, moral from being oppressed, and help from trained militant groups and foreign support. The FSA is weak in that it is not well unified. There is no central control, and there are tensions inside of the group. The government strengths include financial support from other countries and a better organized army. It is weak because it does not have a lot of support (Syrian). I believe that the FSA will win because they have the support of the majority of the country.

Works Cited

"Commune of Paris". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.

Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 30 Apr. 2015

"Syrian Civil War." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.

"Types of Government." Alverno. Alverno College, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.

"Unlearned Lessons of the Paris Commune." YouTube. YouTube, 18 Mar. 2008. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.