By Ariana Doran-Gilbert
Alan Turing was born on the 23 June 1912. He was not only a British mathematician, cryptanalyst, logician, philosopher, computer scientist, and a mathematical biologist, but also a marathon and ultra distance runner. Not only that, but he is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science!
During WW2, Turing worked for the GC&CS at Bletchley Park, Britain's codebreaking centre. He played a key part in Britain's defeat of Germany and the Nazi's. His codebreaking techniques enabled Britain to defeat the Nazi's in several crucial battles, eventually leading to Britain's victory.
However, despite all this, Turing was prosecuted for homosexuality in 1954, and accepted chemical castration as an alternative to prison. Unfortunately, he died from cyanide poisoning on the 7 June 1954. Some believed he injected it into an apple, then commited suicide, but others like his mother, suspected it was an accident.