An Introduction to Biology 101


Table of Contents



Course and Faculty Information

University Information

Course Description

Required and Additional Text Materials

Course Objectives

Course Outline

Course Schedule

Modes of Assessment

Lab Safety

Study Aids

Practice Quizzes



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Biology Introduction by Snowbiology
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Course and Faculty Information


Natural Sciences

Course Title:

Biological Science

Subject & Nbr:

BIOL 101

# Units:


Effective Term:

Fall 2013


Dr. Carmelle Rogers

Office Location:

Percy Julian Science Building, Room 318

Office Hours:

MWF 11am-12:30pm EST

Tues 9:30am-11am EST

Office Phone:




Note: All official communications between students and the University must be via Coppin email addresses. Communications received from students from non-Coppin email addresses will not be recognized. The preferred communication mode is via email. Reply times are usually within 24-48. I am usually not available on Saturdays.

Course Description

This course features the principles and concepts of biology with an explanation of how they may be applied to the interpretation of natural phenomena, concentrating on topics representing a cross section of the biology disciplines. For non-science majors.

Required and Additional Text Materials

Inquiry Into Life - 13th edition ISBN: 978-0-07-340344-1. Author: Sylvia Mader McGraw-Hill, 2011.

Scantron sheets (blue or green) and a #2 pencil for taking assessments.

Laboratory materials: Students are responsible for obtaining a lab manual and printing off additional laboratory handouts. See Blackboard for details.

Lab manual

Inquiry into Life: 13th edition ISBN: 978-0-07-729743-5. Author: Sylvia Mader McGraw-Hill, 2011.

Computer and printer access is required. Campus computer labs are available. You will need headphones to listen to Tegrity (audiovisual lecture) recordings.

Course Objectives

The curriculum is designed so that students acquire and demonstrate college-level proficiency in general education and essential skills. The course objectives will assess each student’s proficiency in the specified competencies* from the list below:

C1. Oral and written communication

C2. Scientific and quantitative reasoning

C3. Critical analysis and reasoning

C4. Technological competency

C5. Information literacy

Upon completion of the course, students should be able to:

1. Demonstrate the fundamental knowledge of the scientific method as a logical process for understanding natural phenomena. [C1]

2. Recognize differences in forms of living things and comprehend their chemical and molecular composition in relation to their structural organization, and function. [C1,2]

3. Demonstrate various methods of information flow involving reproduction, inheritance, chemical and signal/nervous mechanisms. [C1,C3]

4. Identify and define modes of interaction between living things and abiotic factors. [C2]

5. Demonstrate various mechanisms of transport and transfer of materials in organisms. [C1]

6. Understand the effects of technology on the physical and biological environment. [C4]

7. Demonstrate the understanding of the ethical ramifications of scientific developments. [C3,5]

* See Middle States Accreditation and Maryland Higher Education Commission guidelines for more details.

Course Outline

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  • Study of Life Sciences (Chapter 1)


a. Definition of Biology

b. Classification of Living Things

c. The Organization of the Biosphere

d. Steps of the Scientific Process (Method)

e. Social Responsibility

Characteristics of Living Things

a. Acquisition of Energy

b. Homeostasis

c. Growth

d. Metabolism

e. Responsiveness

f. Reproduction

g. Evolution and Adaptation

h. Classification of Organisms into 5 Kingdoms

Hierarchy of the Organization of Living Things

a. Chemical Level

b. Organelles/Subcellular Level

c. Cell

d. Tissue

e. Organ

f. Organ System

g. Organism

h. Community

· The Molecules of Cells (Chapter 2)

Basic Chemistry

Molecules and Compounds

a. Elements and Symbols

b. Atoms

c. Atomic Structure

d. Atomic Number and the Atomic Weight (mass)

e. Isotopes

f. Electron Configuration


a. Covalent Bonding

b. Ionic Bonding

c. Hydrogen Bonding

Chemistry of Water

Acids and Bases

a. Definition of Acid/Base

b. pH

c. Buffers

Organic Molecules

a. Four Types of Organic Molecules in Cells

b. Types of Polymers


a. Properties of Carbohydrates

b. Monosaccharides

c. Disaccharides

d. Polysaccharides

e. Biological Functions of Carbohydrates


a. Properties of Lipids

b. Phospholipids

c. Triglycerides

d. Steroids

e. Function of Lipids


a. Properties of Proteins

b. Amino Acids

c. Primary Structure of Proteins

d. Secondary Structure of Proteins

e. Tertiary Structure of Proteins

f. Quaternary Structure of Proteins

g. Function of Proteins

Nucleic Acid

a. Properties of Nucleic Acids

b. DNA

c. RNA

d. Function of Nucleic Acids

· Cell Structure and Function (Chapter 3)

Cellular Level of Organization

a. Cell Theory

b. Microscopy

c. Cell Size

Prokaryotic Cells

Eukaryotic Cells

Organelles of the Animal and Plant Cells

a. Nucleus

b. Cytoplasm

c. Membranous Systems

- Nuclear Envelope

- Plasma Membrane

- Endoplasmic Reticulum

- Golgi Complex

- Lysosomes

- Plastids

- Vacuoles

- Mitochondria

- Chloroplast

d. Cytoskeleton

- Overview

- Microfilaments and Intermediate Filaments

- Cilia

- Flagella

- Centrioles

e. Cell wall

- Function and Organization

f. Ribosome

- Structure and Function

g. Peroxisomes

Origins of Eukaryotic Cells

· Membrane Structure and Function (Chapter 4)

Plasma Membrane Structure and Function

a. Fluid – Mosaic Model

Permeability of the Plasma Membrane

a. Diffusion

b. Osmosis

c. Active transport

d. Transport by Carrier Molecules

Endocytosis and Exocytosis

Cell Connections and Communication

· Cell Division (Chapter 5)

Cell Increase and Decrease

Control of the Cell Cycle and Cancer

Maintaining the Chromosome Number

Reducing the Chromosome Number

Comparison of Meiosis with Mitosis

The Human Life Cycle

· Metabolism and Energy and Enzymes (Chapter 6)

Life and the Flow of Energy

Energy Transformation and Metabolism

Enzymes and Metabolic Pathways

Oxidation-Reduction and Metabolism

Course Schedule

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Modes of Assessment

A. Methods of Evaluation:

The following methods will be used to determine the student’s mastery of the objectives:

1. Regularly scheduled hourly exams and a midterm

2. Laboratory reports

3. Quizzes (announced and unannounced)

4. Presentations/Projects (analysis of contemporary work in science)

5. Assignments (in class and homework)

6. Class attendance and participation

7. A comprehensive final*

*In addition to current grades, students must score 51% or more on the final in order to pass the course.

B. Weighted Grade Categories:

Exams 20%

Lab & Reports 20%

Quizzes 10%

Presentations/Projects 10%

Assignments 20%

Attendance & class participation 7%

Comprehensive Lecture Final 13%

C. The final grade will be determined based on the percentages received for weighted grades.

Percentage Final Grade

90 and above A

80-89 B

70-79 C

60-69 D

Below 60 F

Lab Safety

Ultimate Lab Safety

Study Aids

1. The student should be very familiar with the textbook. Each chapter consists of a chapter outline and overview, summarizing tables, diagrams, figures and highlights. Each chapter ends with chapter summary, and review questions. Set aside time to thoroughly read the assigned chapters.

2. To achieve maximum learning experience, read before coming to class.

3. Read and understand using the SQ4R technique: survey, question, read, revise, record (underline or highlight) and review. After facts have been learned, try to apply them.

4. Answer the review/discussion questions at the end of each chapter and review the learning objectives.

5. Stay abreast of Blackboard announcements and assessment dates.

6. Use your library to seek additional information through the use of reserved and other texts and references.

7. Call the Academic Resource Center for a tutor. (410) 951-3060

8. Define key terms.

9. Review the end of chapter summaries.

10. Answer the end of chapter questions.

11. Seek help when needed.

Form a study group with your classmates.


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