What's going on in Chapter 17/18?

The Country of Israel

The climate in Israel in the north has dry and hot summers with mild winters. Although in the south, it is a desert climate. Some of the crops Israel grows see citrus fruits, as in oranges and lemons. Eighty percent or Israel's 6.7 million people are Jews. The other twenty percent are Palestinians. More than ninety percent of Israel's people live in urban areas. They also have a Democratic Republic government.

The 411 on Iraq


Silt is small particles of rich soil. An example is, "When I was walking on the road by the grass, I saw silt." Silt is helpful for farming. Since in the time period farming was very popular, silt was very useful. The farmers need rich soil so the crops will plant good and they will have a good turnout at harvest.


Fellahins are farmers in Egypt. They live in villages and work on small plots of land. The land they work on is rented from farm owners. The villagers work on rented land because they can not afford their own land. However, if they choose to keep working and helping with that land, they could eventually earn enough money to buy their own land to work on.

Awsan Dam

There are many positives and negatives of having the Aswan Dam. A positive of this dam is that it gives people control of the flood water. A negative is that it blocks the flow of silt. Another positive is that now the people can release the dam several times a year, instead of having the spring floods.

Sahara Desert

It is the largest desert in the world. The Sahara is about the size of the United States of America. It stretches from Egypt westward across North Africa to the Atlantic Ocean. The Sahar desert is also the hottest desert in the world. People ride on camels across the Sahara for travel and trade.


Iraq is the largest country in Southwest Asia. It is part of the Middle East. Iraq has a population of 24.2 million people. 70% of he population live in urban areas. Oil is he main export of this country.