Saudi Arabia

By: Reagan Ray

Birth of Islam

Around the year 610, Muhammad, a native of the thriving commercial center of Makkah, received a message from God (in Arabic, Allah) through the Angel Gabriel. As more revelations bid him to proclaim the oneness of Allah globaly, the Prophet Muhammad’s following grew.

Within the next few years, several battles took place between the followers of the Prophet Muhammad. By 628, when Madinah was entirely in the hands of the Muslims, the Prophet had unified the tribes so successfully that he and his followers reentered Makkah without bloodshed.

Founder of Saudi Arabia

1902 - Abd-al-Aziz Bin-Abd-al-Rahman Bin-Faysal Bin-Turki Bin-Abdallah Bin-Muhammad Al Saud takes control of Riyadh bringing the Al Saud family back into Saudi Arabia.

1912 - The Ikhwan (Brotherhood) is founded based on Wahhabism; it grows quickly and provides key support for Abd-al-Aziz.

First King of Saudi Arabia

King Abdulaziz (also known as Ibn Saud) began conquering today's Saudi Arabia in 1902, by restoring his family as emirs of Riyadh. He then proceeded to conquer first the Nejd (1922) and then the Hejaz (1925). He progressed from Sultan of Nejd, to King of Hejaz and Nejd, and finally to King of Saudi Arabia in 1932.

Current Events

Population: 30.8 million

Ethnic Groups: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Languages: Arabic (official)

Religions: Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh (2012 est.)

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write

total population: 87.2%
male: 90.8%
female: 82.2% (2011 est.)

Health Statistics:

-life expectancy- m-74 f-78

-Total expenditure on health as % of GDP (2013)= 3.2

-Rate of births per women- 2.9

-% population with sustainable access to water source= 97


"Saudi Arabia." World Health Organization. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 May 2016.

"Saudi Arabia." (n.d.): n. pag. Web.