The Basics of Digital Literacy

By Paige Downer

WHAT IS A COMPUTER?

A computer is an electronic device for storing and processing information.

WHAT ARE THE MAIN COMPONENTS OF A COMPUTER?

A motherboard, A Central Processing Unit (CPU),the main memory, and a hard disk drive.

EXAMPLES OF SOFTWARE

Firefox, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, VLC, Windows Media Player, Mac OS X 10, Windows XP, Windows 7, Adobe PhotoShop, CorelDRAW

WHAT IS A PERIPHERAL?

It is a computer device that is not apart of the essential computer.

PERIPHERAL DEVICE EXAMPLES AND WHAT THEY ARE USED FOR

DIGITAL LITERACY

Digital Literacy is being able to use technology for technical skills.

HARDWARE

Hardware is wiring or physical components of an electronic system.

SOFTWARE

Software is programs and operations used by a computer.

MOTHERBOARD

A motherboard is a circuit board that hold the main components of a computer.

CPU

CPU stands for Central-Processing Unit and it's the brains of the computer.

RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (RAM)

RAM is memory that can be randomly accessed.

ROM

ROM stands for Read-Only Memory and it's high-speed memory reading that isn’t capable of program instructions changing it.

FIREWALLS

Firewalls are computer walls that block hackers from getting into the system

HTML

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language and it is a system for tagging text files.

HTTP

HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol and it is a foundation of data communication and is the beginning of every website link.

HYPERLINK

Hyperlink is a link from a file or document leading to another file,picture or,website.

LAN

LAN stands for Local-Area Network it is a computer network that spans a small area.

WAN

WAN stands for Wide-Area Network adn it is a public wifi network.

OPTICAL DISK DRIVE

An Optical Disk Drive is a place you put a CD (Compact Disk) into a computer.

MODEM

A modem is a combined device for modulation and demodulation.

USB

USB stands for Universal Serial Bus and it allows communication between devices and computers.

NETWORK (OF COMPUTERS)

Network (of computers) is computers connected together for sharing resources.

INTERNET

The internet is a global system of computer networks.

INTRANET

The intranet is a local or restricted communications network.

WORLD WIDE WEB

The World Wide Web is an information system online that lets documents be connected to other documents.