The Writing Process

By: Morgan, Brooke, Brianna, Alexis, & Salvatore

Breaking Down the Task

Before you begin writing, it’s a good idea to arrange the times that you are going to write, and make goals for when you should be done with each step in order to finish at the deadline. When you are ready to start writing your rough draft, breakdown your task into what are called, “rhetorical elements”. These are rhetoric events that connect to your writing such as the topic, the style of writing, the audience you're writing to, research, etc. Rhetoric elements should be phrased as a question, such as “What is the audience you are writing to?” or “What experiences that your audience have undergone that might affect their thoughts on this topic?”. Be sure to keep in mind the purpose of your writing, whether it’s to summarize, persuade, respond, observe, etc, mentally layout the style you are going to write in to stay under the correct branch of writing. Once this is complete, simply go with the flow! There’s no need to worry about spelling or grammar. Simply write down whatever comes to mind! In this early stage, there’s no need to fret.

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Brainstorming helps you to begin writing the paper and continue writing through the revising process. It also plays a large role in choosing a topic and developing an approach to the topic you choose. It will allow to take on a better understanding of the topic as well. Techniques include free writing, breaking the topic into levels, listing, 3 perspectives, cubing, similes, clustering / mapping / webbing, finding relation between parts, journalistic questions, thinking outside of the box, using charts or shapes, consider purpose and audience, & using dictionaries, thesauruses, and encyclopedias.
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The Why, What for, How, Then, Components, and Making for an Outline


  • Outlining helps in the process of writing

  • It helps to keep everything organized

  • Your writing will appear in a logical form

  • Presents the connections between ideas

  • Creates an overview of the writing

  • Points out different sections and boundaries

What for:

  • To show a relationship in importance

  • It can help keep track a lot of information and organize a plot

  • Helps to organize a report or speech it helps people to speak more effectively


  • Figure out the purpose

  • Figure out who you are writing to

  • Create a thesis


  • Brainstorm ideas

  • Organize ideas

  • Order material

  • Create headings and sub heading

Four Main Components:

  • Parallelism, if first heading is a verb then second heading

  • Division, each heading should be divided into either 2 or more than 2 parts

  • Coordination, Information in heading 1 should have same significance in second heading

  • Subordination, info in headings should be more of an overview and have general info, while subheadings would be more specific

Making an outline:

  • Roman Numerals used to represent paragraphs

  • Capital letters used to represent supporting details

  • Thesis statement for overall piece

  • A topic sentence for each paragraph, they should support the main thesis statement

  • Under the topic sentence for each paragraph list there should be supporting details

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Drafting is when you start writing. During this time, you will look back on the notes and plan you thought up previously and build off of that or even edit it and change it. As a person writes, their brain works in an increased speed so the more you write, the more thoughts you come up with.Your brain will delve deeper in the subject matter and see different sides and notice new aspects that could even change what you previously thought about the topic. The drafting process is to get all your thoughts, facts, and details on paper. It’s not supposed to be perfect, its not even supposed to be good, it’s just your thought process put into words and written down. It’s the basic idea of what you want to write out but afterwards the writer will shape it and form it in the way they want it to look in the end.

Drafting takes time and concentration and there might be some words or ideas that are out there, awkward, or don’t work but that will be saved for the revisions. No one will see your drafting so there’s no need to be a perfectionist the first time. And it’s okay to get stuck on a sentence or paragraph. Your attitude affects your thought processes and writing. If you’re bored, then what you write will be boring.Drafting is an important part of writing. Without drafting, writing would lack inspiration, full ideas, and essential facts that complete the story.

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Don’t confuse revising with proofreading; They’re two different processes that achieve two different goals. While proofreading is checking spelling a grammar, revising is looking back with a fresh set of eyes and reading your writing critically. Go back to your rhetoric elements you wrote in the first step. Does your writing follow these question? Is your writing balanced? Does it fulfill your thesis? Revising is an essential step in the writing process, so be sure to take your time and really think about how you can make it sound more professional and worthy of an ‘A’. Also, though you can revise as you write, you also need to be sure to come back a couple hours after you finish the rough draft to get a fresh set of eyes. Lastly, question EVERYTHING. Don’t flee from the idea of rewriting much of your essay. If something doesn’t seem right, then fix it! Revising makes the difference between a trashed writing and a successful piece.

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When you decide to proofread and edit, something to do is to spend some time away from what you have written because once you finished writing your story you are still familiar and satisfied with what you have written and that causes one to skip over many errors. Make sure to use the best medium for you. It could help is to maybe change the font or color of text to trick the brain into thinking the writing is not familiar and that it is new. It is important to find a quiet place to work and to do your work in intervals/blocks because if done all at once your attention can start to decrease. When checking and editing you need to make sure everything required is done and that there is structure, clarity, a tone and some style, and that there is no plagiarism and that everything is cited. When proofreading try to not completely rely on spell check and make sure to read slow. Make sure to have good syntax and arrangement of your words to make well-formed sentences.
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Editing Checklist

Make sure all sentences start with capital letters remember proper nouns have capital letters. Also be sure to be able to make sure that we have the correct punctuation in every sentence thats very important. Basically saying make sure there are not any run on sentences. We have to check and make sure that ALL the words are spelled correctly.Make sure to include quotation marks wherever needed.When completing sentences be sure that they contain a noun and a verb. Last but not least make sure that when completing your project you reread it and use all these editing guidelines.

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Thx for Reading!