My Baby Book

By: Katelyn Nicole McWilliams


The physical, social, emotional, moral and intellectual changes for the last 16 years of my life are described in the words and pictures below. I hope you enjoy!

Prenatal Development

First thing in a pregnancy is the germinal stage is a period of development beginning at conception where there is rapid cell division, implantation, and the placenta and body systems form; that last the beginning two weeks. During this time the baby is referred to as the zygote.

Next, the embryonic stage last takes place from week two to month two is a time when the mass of cells become a distinct human being with the head and features rapidly form as will as the basic organ.

Finally, occurring from two months to birth is the fetal stage. In this stage there is extermly quick growth with all body parts fingernails, hair, eyelashes and toe nails being formed along with the maturity the brain.

Infancy and Childhood

Physicians can learn more about a babies health and development by their unique set of reflexes called Neonatal Reflexes. Here are some listed below.

  • Grasping/Palmer reflex: flexion of the fingers cause by stimulation of palm hand, present at birth and disappears by six months
  • Rooting reflex: newborn babies automatically turn their face toward the stimulus and make sucking motions with the mouth when cheeks or lips are touched
  • Sucking reflex: when the roof of the baby's mouth is touched, they will automatically begin sucking, eventually turned into a conscious effort and not a reflex
  • Swallowing reflex: stimulation of the palate
  • Babinski reflex: the stimulation of the outside of the sole of the foot, causing extension of the big toe while fanning out the other toe
  • Moro reflex: for an infant when they feel startled or like they are falling. the infant will have a startled look on their face and fling both arms out sideways with palms up
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The aspects or the mental, physical and emotional traits of an individuals personality is temperment.

The second I asked my mom what my average attitude as a child she said "very happy but I was hard for me to warm up". With men, other than my dad and grandpa, I would shy away from them but once I felt comfortable, I would never want to leave from the attention.


Even when I was a baby until now, I always seemed build a strong attachment, a bond between the primary caregivers and the baby, to others. The one person I was and will probably forever be the closes to is my father. For some reason, we seem to always have a connection that I don't share with anyone else. At that might be the effect from "imprinting", rapid learning that establishes a long-lasting behavioral response to a specific individual or object. Another attachment I had was with a stuff animal/blanket that I had to take with me everywhere no matter what.
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Sensorimotor Stage

In this stage infants quickly begin to build up direct knowledge of the world around them by relating physical actions to perceived results of those actions Children basically learn through trial and error, relying on their abilities to understand more about the environment. Peek-a-boo is a good example for this stage and its happened to be my favorite game. Thinking the face would vanish when you covered it with your hands and then showing a happy face saying peek-a-boo could entertain me for hours. I had a toy cow and when ever I wanted it, I would always become determined to find it knowing from my cognitive development it would be around somewhere.


Because of my strong attachment to my dad, I wanted him to be with me. One day, both my parents were talking on the phone leaving me alone so I called out to my dad saying "dada" which was my first word. I was told I was a very stubborn and independent baby so I would constantly telling people "I do it". For infants to speak, they have to use the most important and basic words to express thoughts called telegraphic speech. No matter what task I wanted to do it myself so at any case I would use the basic words to say I can do it myself.


After 6 months I was already sitting up and getting my first tooth and in no time I was up and walking. Being the curious baby I was, I had the need to explore and nothing was going to stop me.

Preoperational Stage

Cognitive development at this stage is normal centered around the child connection symbols and playing pretend. I fully embraced this stage, inventing new games and imaginary friends. One of my greatest imaginary events was when I made my dog, Dallas, marry one of the neighbors dogs. Yes, the fact that the dogs where official marriage was pretend but all my neighborhood friends and I gathered around that day and held a actual ceremony. My moo-moo cow was my friend that I liked to share thing and play with so I would create adventures me and my cow went on together. That relationship truly helped my open my mind to the wonders in the world.

Concrete Operational Stage

From the ages seven to eleven children gain a certain understanding of abilities like logical thinking but also have trouble processing abstract or hypothetical concepts. The first time I learned how to ski was when I was ten years old out on lake texhoma. I was able to learn the steps on how to get up on the water with skis and continue skiing. My very first attempt i was extremely nervous. My parents made sure I was all ready to ski and the started the boat, but despite there teaching I couldn't lift myself up. The thing is I let go of the rope and it caught both of my skis making me skid across the like on my back stick on the rope. With logical thinking I was able to separate my feet wide enough to let the rope unlatch. Unfortunately, I have never skied since.
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Lev Vygotsky's Theory

I grew up with two older brothers named Kyle and Zack. Like Vygotsky's theory says i relied on my brothers for assistance many times because I was not able to do it by myself yet. I remember them telling me to leave because I was being the annoying little sister but i always ended up hanging with them anyways especially when it came to sports. Both of my brother were involved in all different types of sport so when my time came that i was old enough to join a some activities for fun I choose to do gymnastics, basketball and soccer.
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Formal Operational Stage

After 12 years a child has gained the ability to think in an abstract manner, combine and classify items in a more sophisticated way and have the capacity for higher-order reasoning. With being a teenager many adolescent thought come with it like egocentrism which is the belief that others are highly attentive to their behavior and appearance, "personal fable" the belief that he or she is highly special and unique and unlike anyone else who has ever walked the earth and "imaginary audience" that is the belief where a group of followers exist who constantly watch and judge their every move. All the information above directly effected me in my middle school years. I started off with a really popular group of friends and with that came the worry about looking the part and behaving the way you are supposed to. If you step out of the part you also easily felt judged that you dont belong with your friends and fine less cool people to hang around with. Along with everything else there is that constant need to be special so you are reconized and loved by all. Thankfully i have grown out of that caring less of what people are thinking of me to focus on my future.

Parenting Styles

When it comes to parenting, their are three basic styles that mothers and fathers live by.

  • Authoritative: want children to succeed greatly in life but still use there independence and reasoning; when i child breaks any rules their a normally punished fair and consistently
  • Permissive: make little rules or commands to their children: low expectations and dont normally discipline them
  • Authoritative: high expectations and very strict rules that must be followed at all times; utilize punishment rather than discipline

My parents are authoritative and i agree with that parenting style the most. i shows the kids you care about whether or not you care for their future and want them i succeed without telling them what to do every second. It teaches them to think for themselves and strive to become someone great.

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Personality Development

Erik Erikson created 4 different stages/challenges you face growing up. First there is identity vs. role confusion (13-18) where teens feel confused or insecure about themselves and how they fit into society. Next intimacy vs. isolation (18-30) that centers on forming intimate, loving relationships with other people.

Personally I don't feel like you truly know who you are until much later in life. The more you live, the more you discover and change and grow will express who you are but that is along ways over time. To pick what direction that will lead us to are most happiness future is daunting. We only have so much time to decide what we want to do with are life and I don't think we will fully know until we have experienced the world and learned of all the opportunities out there. Also where or not we have to make these life-alter choices alone or not is worrisome. You never know when you will find the person you want to share your life with and whether your capable of excepting that love or not.

After that there is generativity vs stagnation (40's-50's) where adults strive to create or nurture things that will outlast them like having children or contributing to positive changes the benefit of other people. Lastly integrity vs despair (60's and up) when people reflect back on the life they lived and come away with either a sense of fulfillment from a life well lived or a sense of regret and despair.

Even though I am only sixteen i already think of making an impression on the world or making a difference before i die. To have a child seems like a stressful hard life but incredibly worth it in the end to create life and watch them experience it. By the time i am 50 i hope to already have impacted the earth by helping others all over the world and still be continuing on with my work until i can no longer physically go on. Having a child would be difficult if i do plan on exploring every continent helping others but I think i will spend some time finding a home and raising a baby. One of my biggest fears today is having all these dreams and not filling any of them, but there is a likelyhood that i might end up doing the opposite of what i imagined for myself and I'm open to what life will present me.