Importance of Vocabulary Knowledge
Shift 6 and Academic Vocabulary
How important is it?
- Farley and Elmore (1992) found that vocabulary knowledge was a stronger predictor of reading comprehension than cognitive ability (Fisher & Frey, 62)
- "'knowing a word' involves more than definition; it also means understanding its use in relation to the context, its permutations, and the ability to make accurate predictions about the meaning based on these elements...to really know a word, you must understand its context and morphology and hypothesize its meaning based on these elements." (Fisher & Frey, 63)
Shift 6: Academic Vocabulary
- "Tier 1: Words acquired through every day speech, usually learned in the early grades
- Tier 2: Academic words that appear across all types of text. These are often precise words that are used by the author in place of common words. (i.e. gallop instead of run). They change meaning with use.
- Tier 3: Domain specific words that are specifically tied to content. (i.e. Constitution, lava) These are typically the types of vocabulary words that are included in glossaries, highlighted in textbooks and address by teachers. They are considered difficult words important to understanding content." (Common Core Connections: Unpacking Academic Vocabulary)
The tiers allow us to recognize the type of vocabulary and thus to focus on the second tier in order to reinforce words that can be used across the curriculum in students' academic lives.
Effective Vocabulary Instruction
- "be actively involved in word learning
- make personal connections
- be immersed in vocabulary
- consolidate meaning through multiple information source" (Fisher & Frey 64)
In addition, by focusing on Tier II words students learn vocabulary that is "flexible and transportable across curricular disciplines." (Fisher & Frey 64-65).
New Strategies for Implementation
Link for dust bowl instagrok:
Fisher, D., & Frey, N. (n.d.). Robust Vocabulary Learning. In Improving Adolescent Literacy (pp. 61-75). Pearson Education.
Oxnevad, S. (n.d.). Common Core Connections: Unpacking Academic Vocabulary. Retrieved February 18, 2016, from http://d97cooltools.blogspot.fr/2012/09/commoncoreunpackingacademicvocabulary.html#.VsTs7nQrKv4