The Ones Who Made It Memorable

Joan of Arc, King John, & William the Conqueror

Joan of Arc

Biographical Info:

["The Maid of New Orleans"]

Born: 1412 in Domremy, France

Died: May 30, 1431 in Rouen, France at the age of 19

Joan was a very strong willed, stubborn girl who if she wanted something done, she made it happen.

Memorable Moments:

Joan of Arc is known for helping during the Hundred Years' War. Here, she led the French Army through many victories. This eventually lead to Charles VII becoming the King of France. In her actions, she led the men in her army farther than they had ever gone before. Joan is known for hearing things and seeing visions. When she was thirteen, she believed in was God who was reaching out to her.

"I am not afraid... I was born to do this."

Importance:

All of Joans actions greatly improved and helped the lives of people in France. She is a female role model and strong symbol of the Middle Ages. She showed that you do not have to be educated to change lives. Joan of Arc became a Catholic Saint and symbol of French patriotism before she reached the age of 18. She was a legendary figure to all.
Biography: Joan of Arc - Virgin Warrior Dressed as a Man

King John

Biographical Info:

["John Lackland"]

Born: December 24, 1166 in Oxford, UK

Died: October 18, 1216 in Newark, UK

Lived/Ruled: England

John had a bad temper, even when he was growing up as a child. He had bad behavior and was known for being violent.

Memorable Moments:

Growing up, John soon became his father's favorite. He had older brothers. When he was older he married and had a daughter and an illegitimate daughter. Being King greatly affected his life and that of his family's. King John is known for helping with many victories during the war with France in 1202. However, due to lack of resources and other military needs, the battle was a fail. This lead to the collapse of the Empire.

"In the evening of life, we will be judged on love alone."

Importance:

During his reign, due to vileness, nobles forced King John to put the Magna Carta into affect. The Magna Carta made it necessary for the king to proved nobles with certain rights. Because of King John and having to use this new law system (Magna Carta), the king also had to follow rules of the government. His greatest influence was also involving the Magna Carta, because of it, it was illegal to punish people without using the law of the land - this is still in effect today.

William the Conqueror

Biographical Info:

["William the Bastard"]

Born: 1027 in Falaise, France

Died: September 9, 1087 in Rouen, France

Lived/Ruled: England

William was very powerful and strong willed. He was stubborn but for some, a great king.


Memorable Moments:

William is best known for being involved in the Battle of Hastings when he crossed the English Channel with his Norman Knights and defeated Harold. He then became King on Christmas Day. William had changed his name to "William the Conqueror" after he conquered England and the Anglo-Saxons. When William became a certain age, he tried to kill his father, Henry II, and his wife, Eleanor of Aquataine because he hated them.

"War... is harmful, not only to the conquered but to the conqueror."

Importance:

While in England, William created a survey to help set up an accurate tax system. These records today, are known as the Doomsday Book. While William may have been a ruthless king, he had many abilities of a leader and was a good king. William's best influence was the word of God. He had good relations with the Catholic Church, thus helping him invade Norman.
Measly Middle Ages - Domesday Book & death of William the Conqueror