Social-Emotional Development

Birth - Age 2


-Temperament - The quality and intensity of emotional reactions.

-Children different in temperaments react to their environment

-Passivity relates how activity involved with child's environment

-does something in response of someone new

-Irritability or tendency to feel distressed

-Most infants cry of Irritability

-Activity patterens moments also vary in infants


-Attachment is strong emotional connection

- It develops between people.

-Get attached with caregivers

-Examples are cooing, kicking, gurgling, and laughing

-Separation anxiety happens when caregiver leaves

-By 15months separations is most strong

-Also is shown is 9-18months

-Children are just fearful of caregiver leaving

-To help you can give them favorite things.

-for example favorite toy / blanket

-As they fimiliar they show less distress

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Changes over time

-In the first 2years there are many changes

-Socially and emotionally are major changes

-As a caregiver your actions reflect

-Trust is a key turn in social-emotional development

-Encourage them to interact with others

-They end up feeling safe and happy

Birth - 3Months

-Newborns do not have refined emotions

-General excitement and general distress at first

-Exciement shown by smiling or wiggling

-Distrees shown by crying

3-6 months

-Child responds with smiles and laughter

-You can make them happy by play

-Another by feeding and holding them

-Crying is still showing distress

-Early stage of tears and later on

-Different crys show different distress

6 - 12 months

-Become active involved with caregiver(s)

-When played with shows happiness

-Starts to respond in speech

-Begins to develop fear

-Don be surprise when she/he cries at strangers

-This stage may be diffult because of Separation Anxiety

-As a result child will cling

-They will cry upon entering daycare

-When parent leaves child will cry

-They will cry for a couple mins but then stop

-Behavior will continue until 14 to 16 months

12-24 months

-Stills shows separation anxiety

-Might become upset thinking of future

-Very curious about new places and objects

-Child Start to come aware of their own abilities

-Toddlers are proud when they do things them self

- Most children can say 'no' by now