Zhou Dynasty 1111-256 BCE
China Project by Sidney Cohen and Anna Daraselia-Period 6
Inventions, Tecnology, Science, and Architecture
The Zhou Dynasty was a time of great learning. It was also a time for the Chinese philosopher Confucius to shine. He invented Confucianism. It stated that the way to happiness was being respectful to elders, obeying the laws, and being responsible. He also taught 5 virtues he believed were very important: kindness, righteousness, sobriety, wisdom, and trustworthiness. But Confucianism wasn't the only thing invented during the time period of the Zhou Dynasty. Many things were invented in the fields of agriculture, arithmetic, medicine, artisanry, astronomy, astrology, geography, and physics. For example, they used pesticides and fertilizers. In the area of math, they invented fractions and basic facts, geometry, trigonometry, and figured out how to calculate math problems with chips and tallies. In medicine, they invented acupuncture, and in physics, astronomy, astrology, and geography, they perfected the calendar, recorded abnormal astrological events, observed starry skies, mapped the constellations, and discovered magnetism. One of the biggest sections of improvement was artisanry. In that field, the Chinese in the period of the Zhou Dynasty perfected bronze casting, developed lost wax technology, inlayed gold and silver in wooden, lacquered, and metal objects, made iron casting technology, used a lot of iron objects/tools, developed warfare technology, started irrigation and drainage systems, waterways, canals, dikes, and dams, used modified pipes and bells to make music, dyed yarn, silk, and linen, produced glass, and made multi-colored wooden and bamboo products.
Religion, Culture, and Social Life
This is one of the coins used in the Zhou Dynasty. It had a hole through the middle so that people could string their money and hang it around their waists.
This is Wu Zhou, he was the first leader of the Zhou Dynasty after the Zhou clan defeated the Shang Dynasty.
These are arrow heads used in the Zhou Dynasty made of iron. Iron was plentiful and very popular for tools in the Zhou Dynasty.