Jordan Galle

Prepositional Phrases:

  • A preposition plus it's object and modifiers
  • Some common prepositions: to, around, under, over, like, as, behind, with, outside
  • Could function as adjectives or adverbs
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Adjective Phrase:

  • A form of a prepositional phrase
  • Can modify a noun, pronoun, noun phrase, or noun clause
  • Tell which one, what kind, how many, or how much
  • Ex. The boy with the crazy hair is funny.

Adverb Phrase:

  • A form of a prepositional phrase
  • Can modify a verb, adjective, adverb, adverb phrase, or adverb clause
  • Tell how, when, where, why, to what extent, or under what condition
  • Ex. Joe is running outside the playground.

Infinitive Phrase:

  • The word 'to' plus a verb
  • Can function as adjectives, adverbs, or nouns
  • Ex. Kaylee went to school to study medicine.

Appositive Phrase

  • Renames or identifies a noun or pronoun
  • When it adds nonessential information, it is set off by commas.
  • Ex. Mrs. Schneider, my teacher who likes to growl, teaches us about phrases.
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Participial Phrase:

  • A verb form (past or present)
  • Functions like an adjective
  • A participle plus it's modifiers
  • Ex. Running for her life, Sarah sprinted away from the tiger.


  • An '-ing' verb form
  • Functions as a noun
  • The gerund plus it's modifiers
  • Can be many parts of the sentence (subject, direct object, predicate nominative, object of the preposition, indirect object)
  • Ex. Reading the newspaper is not my favorite pastime.

Absolute Phrase:

  • A group of words including a noun or pronoun, an 'ing' or 'ed' verb form, and any modifiers
  • Modify the whole sentence instead of just a part
  • Always set off with commas
  • Ex. Heart pounding, palms sweating, knees shaking, the man proposed to his soon to be wife.