Diabetes

What It Is And How To Prevent It --- Josh Rowan, Hr. 3 Day 2

What Is It?

Diabetes is a metabolic disease in which the body is unable to produce any or enough insulin which causes higher levels of glucose in the blood. There are two main types of diabetes, type 1, and type 2.

Type 1 Diabetes

In type 1 diabetes the body no longer makes insulin because the immune system has attacked and destroyed the cells where insulin is made.

Type 2 Diabetes

In type 2 diabetes your cells can't use insulin to remove blood sugar out of the blood, which gives the body high blood sugar levels. This form of diabetes is more common.

History

  • In 1552 BC, an Egyptian physician recorded frequent urination as a symptom, which is the earliest known record of diabetes.
  • In 1955, mouth drugs that help lower blood glucose levels are introduced.
  • In 2014, 26 million Americans have diabetes, and 1 in 3 of them don't know it.

Symptoms

  • Frequent urinating
  • Higher-than-normal glucose levels
  • Hunger and fatigue
  • Thirstier/dry mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Yeast infections
  • Slow healing sores/cuts
  • Pain or numbness in feet or legs
  • Unplanned weight loss
  • Nausea and vomiting

How Diabetes Spreads

Diabetes is not a communicable disease, and doesn't spread by an agent. It is usually contracted from personal behavior, but is sometimes known to spread by hereditary means.

How Diabetes Is Diagnosed

After you have gone eight hours without eating, and two hours after drinking a glucose containing beverage, an oral glucose tolerance test measures your blood sugar. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes.

How It Is Treated

  • Take insulin every day (pill or injection)
  • eat a healthy balanced diet
  • stick to diabetes meal plan
  • check blood sugar many times a day
  • get regular physical activity

How To Prevent Diabetes

A few different ways to prevent diabetes is to eat healthier, becoming more physically active, and loosing a few extra pounds. They are some very simple yet effective ways that will really help.