Unit 1 Mission To Mars

Why go to Mars?

Earth's population is predicted to be 9 billion people by 2075. We certainly can not fit all those people on Earth so we need to find another place to put them. Mars is a planet that is closely related to Earth so people can live there. Mars is a long way from where we are. It would take up to 10 months to get there. Mars is no average planet, it is bright red and about half the size of Earth. Since Mars is so close to Earth, it has frozen water on it.

Mars, We'll Take You There!

Similarities and Difference

Earth and Mars are both similar and different. They are different because the length of a day on earth is 24 hours and the length of a day on Mars is 24.6 hours. They also different because Mars sees two phases every night because they have two moons, and Earth only sees one phases because it has one moon. The seasons on Earth and Mars are similar because Mars is on a 25 degree tilt and Earth is a 23.5 tilt. Since the tilt is only feet of a difference, Mars seasons will be almost exactly the same as Earth's seasons.

The eclipses of Mars and Earth are similar because Mars has two moons and they both pass through each others planes.

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Landforms of Mars.

  • Gusev is a 166 KM in diameter crater that is a old lake bed. Where they first discovered water on Mars.

  • Olympus Mons is the youngest of the largest volcanoes on Mars. It is a large shield volcano.

  • Elysium Mons is the largest of them all. It is 13.9 km tall and 240.0 km in diameter. It is located in the Eastern hemisphere

  • Tharsis is a huge bulge on the martian surface 4000 km across and 10 km high.