Lee Smolin

By: Sophie Pfarrer

Date of birth and location

  • Date of Birth:
  • June 6, 1955
  • Location
  • New York City


In 1979, went to Harvard University and received a P.H.d in theoretical physics.


One of the inventors of Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) unification of quantum mechanics with general relativity which utilizes a reformation of general relativity.

Hypothesis of cosmological natural selection, fecund univeres theory, suggests that a process anallogous to biological natural selection applies to all.

In recent years, he has focused on connecting LQG to phenomenology by developing implications for experimental tests of space time symmetries.

Made several proposes for the still open question of giving a fundamental formula of string theory.