Road to Revoultion

Ellie Maday

Introduction

Did you know that over 42 tons of tea was dumped overboard during the Boston Tea Party? Or that King George III had a disease that made him go insane right before he died? These things seem unrealistic but they are actually true.


Even though King George III was the King of Great Britain he was still an important part of America's history. He had to do with a lot of events leading up to the war like the Boston Tea Party, the Intolerable Acts, the Boston Massacre and the First Continental Congress.

King George III

King George III was born on June 4, 1738. He was next in line for the thrown in 1751 when his dad, the Prince of Wales, died and he became the king of Great Britain 1760 when his grandfather, George II, died. King George III is known for losing the American colonies and going insane. King George III lost the american colonies because he couldn’t control them. He didn’t develop policies for the colonists once they started to become independant. He went insane because he had a disease called Porphyria. Porphyria is a very rare disease that makes certain chemicals in your body build up. It affects less than 20,000 people today in the United States. King George III had porphyria, which made him have some lapses in judgement. Due to his disease he went insane before he died. Even though King George III did some good things for Great Britain he is remembered mostly for losing the American colonies.

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The Boston Tea Party


The Boston Tea Party was when a group of patriots known as ‘the sons of liberty’ took over 46 tons (92,000 pounds) of tea off of three ships and threw it overboard. The intolerable acts were made because of the boston tea party and one reason the war started is because the colonists were mad because of the intolerable acts. Many things happened before The Boston Tea Party like the forming of ‘the sons of liberty.’ Samuel Adams led ‘the sons of liberty’ and he also organized The Boston Tea Party. Johns Adams called the event ‘the destruction of the tea in boston.’ After The Boston Tea Party the intolerable acts were made. One of the intolerable acts stated that the people that lived in Boston had to pay for all the tea that was threw overboard. That was $1,000,000 in today’s money.

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Intolerable Acts

The Intolerable Acts were 4 acts that the British Parliament passed them to the American colonies. They were passed because of the Boston Tea Party. The 4 acts were the Boston Port Act, the Massachusetts Government Act, the Administration of Justice Act and the Quebec Act. The Intolerable Acts made the colonists very angry. This is a big event that led up to the war. The major events that happened between the Intolerable Acts and the war were the First Continental Congress, the Patrick Henry speech and Paul Revere’s ride. The Intolerable Acts were made by the British Parliament so they were a very important part of this event. The British Parliament meant for the Intolerable acts to control the colonists but, after the Intolerable Acts were made the American colonists got very mad. The war began soon after that.
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The Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre was a street fight between some British soldiers and a group of patriots. The Boston Massacre happened a little before the Boston Tea Party and right after the Daughters of Liberty Formed. There were 5 people that died during the Boston Massacre. Two of them were British soldiers that Captain Thomas Preston called in for backup during the fight. The other three were 3 people that were killed right away named Crispus Attucks, Samuel Grey and James Caldwell. There were 5 people that died during the Boston Tea Party.


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The First Continental Congress

The First Continental Congress was when delegates from all the colonies, except Georgia, had a meeting. The meeting was in Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The key people were all the delegates from the colonies except Georgia’s delegates. Georgia’s didn’t send any delegates because they were in a fight with some Native Americans. The First Continental Congress is a good example of cooperation because all of the colonies came together to have the meeting. The First Continental Congress is important to the colonial war effort because the Pennsylvania and New York delegates were sent to try to make peace with England and the other delegates were sent to try to get colonial rights. The Pennsylvania and New York delegates were sent to make peace with England.


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Conclusion

All of these things tie together. King George III and the British parliament made the Intolerable acts because of the Boston Tea Party and the Boston Massacre. The First Continental Congress happened because the colonies wanted colonial rights and to end the conflict with the british. Also all of these events and people are an important part of history because they lead up to the war.