The development


A region in the Americas. Aboriginal cultures that developed in parts of Mexico and Central America prior to Spanish exploration and conquest in the 16th century.


A small group of people who control a disproportionate amount of wealth or political power.


Muskets were designed for use by infrantry. A soldier armed with a musket had the designation of a musketeer.


Refers to kill one in every ten of (a group of soldiers or others) as a punishment for the whole group.


marriage between people of different races, castes, or religions

Encomienda system

a legal system that was employed mainly by the Spanish crown during the Spanish colonization of the Americas to regulate Native American labor and autonomy. The Spanish crown granted a person a specified number of natives for whom they were to take responsibility

Columbian Exchange

the widespread exchange of animals,plants, culture, diseases,technology and ideas.


A principal raw material or commodity grown or manufactured in a locality.


to drive off or send off in various directions


is a scattered population with a common origin in a smaller geographic area.

Cash crops

An agricultural crop grown for sale to return a profit.