Racism and Oppression
A Rasin In The Sun
Non-Violent Protest V. Violent Protest Against Racsim
Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream Speech"
This speech, given by Martin Luther King Jr. helps to show that racism needs to be oppressed through a nonviolent protest. This relates to our theme because it shows the different views of how racism can be stopped.
"And when this happens, when we allow freedom to ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, "Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"
Martin Luther King Jr.'s views on Peaceful Protest
The King's approach to oppressing racism is through a nonviolent protest
“King’s notion of nonviolence had six key principles. First, one can resist evil without resorting to violence. Second, nonviolence seeks to win the ‘‘friendship and understanding’’ of the opponent, not to humiliate him (King, Stride, 84). Third, evil itself, not the people committing evil acts, should be opposed. Fourth, those committed to nonviolence must be willing to suffer without retaliation as suffering itself can be redemptive. Fifth, nonviolent resistance avoids ‘‘external physical violence’’ and ‘‘internal violence of spirit’’ as well: ‘‘The nonviolent resister not only refuses to shoot his opponent but he also refuses to hate him’’ (King, Stride, 85). The resister should be motivated by love in the sense of the Greek word agape, which means ‘‘understanding,’’ or ‘‘redeeming good will for all men’’ (King, Stride, 86). The sixth principle is that the nonviolent resister must have a ‘‘deep faith in the future,’’ stemming from the conviction that ‘‘the universe is on the side of justice’’ (King, Stride, 88). “
Rosa Parks believed that through educating society about the inequality between everyone, it will hopefully show the people that racism needs to be oppressed.
Wavin' Flags Song Lyrics
Through love and understanding of the opposite race, racism can be oppressed.
When I get older I will be stronger
They'll call me freedom just like a wavin' flag
And then it goes back, and then it goes back
And then it goes back, oh
So many wars, settling scores
Bringing us promises, leaving us poor
I heard them say 'love is the way'
'Love is the answer,' that's what they say
But look how they treat us, make us believers
We fight their battles, then they deceive us
Try to control us, they couldn't hold us
'Cause we just move forward like Buffalo Soldiers
By using a nonviolent approach, through the eyes of Gandhi, MLKJ's approach to oppress racism successfully worked, such as Gandhi's approach did in India.
Both ‘‘morally and practically’’ committed to nonviolence, King believed that ‘‘the Christian doctrine of love operating through the Gandhian method of nonviolence was one of the most potent weapons available to oppressed people in their struggle for freedom’’ (King, Stride, 79; Papers 5:422). “
Passive Resistance Before Aggression
Nelson Mandela used Passive Resistance
To find equality in South Africa, Nelson Mandela's first approach to end racism was through passive resistance.
“The black and coloured people of South Africa protested against this inequality led by the likes of Nelson Mandela and Ahmed Kathrada. Most of the initial protests were in the form of passive resistance. In one protest against apartheid Mandela publicly burnt his 'pass'. These passes had to be carried by all black men and they were not allowed to leave their own district without a pass. There was much unrest among the black community when the government tried to force the carrying of passes to include women. Working with the ANC (African National Council) Nelson Mandela apartheid efforts increased and he himself began to realise that passive resistance was not winning the fight. Plans were made to bomb places of significance to apartheid, but these were always planned to avoid anyone being hurt or killed”
Nelson Mandela- Take Action If Needed Against Protest
If passive resistance didn't work to stop the violence of racism, Nelson Mandela resorted to aggression and violence.
With Slovo and other Marxists, he co-founded the militia movement Umkhonto we Sizwe. It's meaning: "Spear of the Nation."
On December 16, 1961, the group carried out its first attacks on government installations and handed out leaflets announcing its existence.http://www.cnn.com/2013/12/06/world/africa/nelson-mandela-other-side/
Nelson Mandela Quote
There might be ups and downs when trying to oppress racism but if you keep trying, in the end it will end.
Take Any Action Necessary
Malcolm X take any action necessary
Malcolm X's philosophy to oppress racism was to take any actions necessary. By taking this method he resorted to passive resistance and violence.
“Malcolm X never advocated for violence. He was an advocate of cultural and social reconstruction- until a balance of equality was shared, “by any means necessary.”... “By any means necessary” meant examine the obstacles, determine the vision, find the resolve, and explore the alternatives toward resolving the obstacle.”
Malcolm X Quote
Without the ability to be equal in society, freedom and sovereignty from one another will never be attained.
“You can't separate peace from freedom because no one can be at peace unless he has his freedom.”
The Black Panther
The Black Panther is an organized group that took a violent approach to end racism. The group can easily be compared to the KKK, but an African American version. They felt that the only way to solve the problem of racism was to take violent action against the white supremacy trying to withhold their freedom.
“The Panthers articulate what the people in the ghettos feel, and in so doing, enable all of us to gain insight into deep-set anger of so many of our deprived citizens as well as their determination to change these conditions.”
Understanding The Black Panther
Black Panther V. Martin Luther King Jr.
As Martin Luther King Jr. fought racism with a peaceful protest, the Black Panther took the same method that the white supremacy took against them: violent action.
"The Black Panthers believed that the non-violent campaign of Martin Luther King had failed and any promised changes to their lifestyle via the 'traditional' civil rights movement, would take too long to be implemented or simply not introduced.
The language of the Black Panthers was violent as was their public stance. The two founders of the Black Panther Party were Huey Percy Newton and Bobby Seale. They preached for a "revolutionary war" but though they considered themselves an African-American party, they were willing to speak out for all those who were oppressed from whatever minority group. They were willing to use violence to get what they wanted."