How do humans learn?
Conditioning, Social learning & Information process theories
Conditioning (Classical and Operant)
Step 1: Obtain desired response by clearly relaying it to the students
Step 2: Introduce the stimulus tied in with the achieved response to the students and explain that if that stimulus is used, the response should be done (i.e. teacher raising a hand means class should be quiet).
Step 3: Reiterate the rule by making the students explain the meaning of a raised hand in order to "hardwire" the scenario to their memories.
Step 4: Eventually use the scenario repeatedly thus conditioning the raised hand as a sign of silence
Social Learning Theory
Ex: Cooking meals has two possible outcomes:
1 - Meal looks and tastes decent (learn that the recipe is great)
2 - Meal is burnt and inedible (trash the recipe and create another variation)
Ex: Marine Biologists studying the noise patterns that dolphins make and find out that the sounds they produce are not just noise, it is the dolphin's form of communication.
Information Process Theory
Ex: Cringing whenever eating lemons
Ex: Solving a quadratic equation in a test and using the quadratic formula from past lectures
- Declarative: Knowledge that can be declared (Ex: Color of the leaves)
- Procedural: Knowledge in action (Ex: Using a flashlight when it is dark)
- Self-regulatory: Knowing how and when to use your Declarative and Procedural knowledge (Ex: When and how to call 9-1-1)