Concussions

by Richmond Aisabor

Definition

Concussions are a complex pathophysiological process that affects the brain, typically induced by trauma to the brain by a blow to the head or a violent shaking of the head and body. During the concussion, the brain moves rapidly inside head and strikes the skull(the coup or count recoup).

Symptoms/Treatments

Symptoms may include headache, confusion, lack of coordination, memory loss, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, ringing in the ears, sleepiness, and excessive fatigue.

Rest is the best way for the brain to recover from a concussion. Athletes must not return to practice or play during this recovery period. The best way to know if one has fully recovered is if he/she does not experience any more symptoms. To aleviate headaches or other pains associated with this sport injury, the patient may take a pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others).

Explain it to me: Concussions

Ways to Avoid

To lower the risks of a future concussion: make sure that the athlete wears a helmet, avoid using the head as primary focal point of contact, instruct the athlete in proper technique, playing by the rules and thorough examination of the playing field for holes, hills or anything else that is potentially dangerous.
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