Climate Geography of North America

By Ben Watson

humid-continental

"Covers the northeastern quarter of North America."

definition- "A humid continental climate is a climatic region typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters."


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humid-subtropical

"Found in the southeastern quarter of the United States."

definition- "A humid subtropical climate is a zone of subtropical climate characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. Under the Köppen climate definition, this category of climate type covers a broad range of attributes, especially in terms of winter temperatures."


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tropical-savanna

"On the leeward side of the humid-tropical climate is a drier tropical savanna."

definition- "Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categorie"


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steppe climate

"This semiarid climate supports vast grass lands but has few trees"

definition- "A semi-arid climate or steppe climate describes climatic regions that receive precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not extremely."


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highland climate

"The Rocky Mountains have highland climates, with temperatures and precipitation dependent up on elevation and exposure."


definition- "Alpine climate is the average weather for a region above the tree line. This climate is also referred to as a mountain climate or highland climate."

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desert climate

"Tucson, Arizona is in a desert climate of the southwestern United States."

definition- "Desert climate, also known as an arid climate, is a climate that does not meet the criteria to be classified as a polar climate, and in which precipitation is too low to sustain any vegetation at all, or at most a very scanty scrub."


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marine-west-coast

"Seattle is located in a wet, marine-west-coast."


definition- "An oceanic climate is the climate typical of the west coasts at the middle latitudes of most continents, and generally features warm, but not hot summers and cool, but not cold winters, and a relatively narrow annual temperature range."

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Mediterranean climate

"The Mediterranean climate bathes southern and central California."

definition- "a climate distinguished by warm, wet winters under prevailing westerly winds and calm, hot, dry summers, as is characteristic of the Mediterranean region and parts of California, Chile, South Africa, and southwestern Australia."


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humid-tropical climate

"Because the Hawaiian Islands fall in the easterly trade wind belt, they are wetter on the windward, eastern where they have a humid-tropical climate."

definition- "A humid-tropical climate is a climate of the tropics."


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subarctic cimate

"There is a subarctic climate in the interior of the United States."

definition- "The subarctic climate is a climate characterized by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers. It is found on large landmasses, away from the moderating effects of an ocean, generally at latitudes from 50° to 70°N poleward of the humid continental climates."


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tundra climate

"The tundra climate is cold all year."

definition- "A treeless area between the icecap and the tree line of Arctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil and supporting low-growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs."


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