Lead

By: Edmond Wewers

Chemical symbol of Lead

the chemical symbol of lead is Pb.

How lead got its name

No one is quite sure how lead got its name. The word has been traced to manuscripts that date to before the 12th century. Romans called the metal plumbum. It is from this name that the element's chemical symbol comes: Pb. Compounds of lead are sometimes called by this old name, such as plumbous chloride.

Family/group that lead is part of

Lead is the heaviest member of the carbon family. The carbon family consists of the five elements in Group 14 (IVA) of the periodic table. The periodic table is a chart that shows how chemical elements are related to each other. Although a member of the carbon family, lead looks and behaves very differently from carbon.

What Period Is Lead Part of & Visual Representation

Lead is part of Period 6

What is the Atomic Number and Mass of Lead

The atomic number of lead is 82. The atomic mass is 207.2.

What is the Number of Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons of Lead

The number of protons in lead is 82.

The number of neutrons in lead is 125.2.

The number of electrons in lead is 82.

Number of Valence Electrons in Lead

Lead contains 4 valence electrons.

Isotopes of Lead

Lead-206, Lead-207, and Lead-208 are just a few examples of lead isotopes.

Melting and Boiling point

The melting point of lead is 327.5 °C, 621.5 °F and the boiling point is 1740.0 °C, 3164.0 °F.

The Density and Abundance of Lead Found in the Earths Crust and Standard State of the Element

the density of lead is 11.34 g/cm3. The abundance of lead in the earth’s crust is 0.00099%. The standard state lead is solid.

Where Lead is Found in the World and in What Form

Lead is found sometimes found free in nature, but is usually obtained from the ores galena (PbS), anglesite (PbSO4), cerussite (PbCO3) and minum (Pb3O4). It is sometimes found in air, soil, and water. Lead is found in pure form.

What is Lead Used for in Real Life

Lead is used to line tanks that store corrosive liquids like sulfuric acid. Lead's good for shields against X-ray and gamma-ray radiation because of its high density and it is used in X-ray machines and nuclear reactors. Lead is also used as a covering on some wires and cables to protect them from corrosion, as a material to absorb vibrations and sounds and in the manufacture of ammunition. Most of the lead used today is used in the production on lead-acid storage batteries, such as the batteries found in automobiles.

Cool Facts About Lead

Lead was used in ancient times as pipes and other things. Lead's chemical symbol comes from the Latin word for waterworks, plumbum. Lead is used in automobile batteries and to protect wires.