Accommodations for Dyslexia
Strategies for helping one student with dyslexia in science
Study Question: Can regular discussion of homework problems help a student with dyslexia increase their homework and test scores?
Selecting a Focus
Studying the Professional Literature
After the research was done, it was decided that the student teacher would work with Shana during homeroom to try and increase her success. The procedure was to meet with Shana in homeroom before any homework due dates and go over the assignment with her, acting as both a text reader and a partner, which were suggested strategies. This was chosen because, as the teacher for that unit, the student teacher knew all of the information and the correct answers and was best able to explain the concepts in a variety of ways until Shana understood. As a part of this, each question would be read to the student and the student would be allowed to answer verbally, which is another suggested strategy from Morin's list (2015). Reading the questions allowed to Shana was done because, according to Korbey (2013) who was quoting Trelease (n.d.), "a child's reading level doesn't catch up to his listening level until about the eighth grade." While Shana is currently in the 8th grade, this statement referred to all students, so it is even more vital to read aloud to students with learning disabilities such as dyslexia. This strategy was used during the entirety of the student teacher's unit.
Organizing Data and Data Overview
Out of 12 total graded works, 4 were late, 2 if which were incomplete, and one was missing.
Shana received a score of 21/30 on the first quiz, which was corrected from an original 7/30 on the quiz.
Shana received a score of 26/30 on the second quiz.
Shana turned in her review questions both late and incomplete, and received a 41/90 (a 45.6%) on the unit assessment.
After Implementation Turn-In Rate and Test Scores
Out of a total of 10 graded works, two were late and one was missing. All turned in work was complete.
Shana received a score of 6/10 on the first quiz, and a score of 14.5/15 on the second. Neither was corrected.
Shana turned in the review questions on time and mostly complete; she received a 90% on the unit assessment.
Analyzing and Interpreting Data
Despite the continued rate of late assignments, Shana did not have any incomplete assignments, and she scored a 90% on the final assessment, which is twice as high as the 45.6% she scored on the final assessment of the first unit. Therefore, although the read aloud and partnership did not help Shana get her assignments turned in on time, it seems that the strategies did help her be more successful in comprehending the information and being able to meet the objectives of the unit. This increase in comprehension is probably due to the fact that her listening level is well above her reading level at this time, so listening to the questions as they were asked on the homework assignments made it easier to comprehend, which then made answering the questions on the final assessment easier because she had already answered them once on the homework.
When asked about her success on the unit assessment, Shana stated that she thought that this unit made more sense than the last one; she said that she didn't understand electricity and that's also why she didn't bother to turn in the homework that she didn't understand what to do. Shana also said that she thought that getting help on the homework helped her understand the test questions.
Korbey, H. (2013). Why reading aloud to older children is valuable. Retrieved from: http://ww2.kqed.org/mindshift/2013/05/14/why-reading-aloud-to-older-children-is-valuable/.
Mayo Clinic (2014). Diseases and conditions: Dyslexia. Retrieved from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dyslexia/basics/definition/con-20021904.
Morin, A. (2015). At a Glance: Classroom Accommodations for Dyslexia. Retrieved from: https://www.understood.org/en/school-learning/partnering-with-childs-school/instructional-strategies/at-a-glance-classroom-accommodations-for-dyslexia.
Stevens, A. (2013). 8 classroom accommodations for dyslexic students (that benefit all students). Retrieved from: http://www.readinghorizons.com/blog/post/2013/04/12/8-dyslexia-accommodations-for-students.aspx