Road To Revolution

Taylor Drover

Intoduction

The Revolutionary War, was developing for along time. Long story short, England sent people over to the new world (America) to establish a settlement. The people landed in Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. Native Americans were already there, so they had some troubles with them, but that's not the only troubles they had. They dealt with heat, cold winters, lack of food, and disease. So after the colonies dealt with the struggles for a long time, things finally got started and going. In the end, they ended up making 13 colonies. The colonies had to trade with only England, and get their resources from England. So the charge for exports was more than the cost of import. So England was called the Mother Country, so they got the benefits. Finally the Colonist had enough, so they wanted to break free, but little did they know, it would be a long fight, with many difficult steps.


Many people know about the Revolutionary War, but they don't really know what led up to it. Many of the events created a domino effect, like the Quartering Acts, Sugar Acts, Stamp Acts, which led to the sons of Liberty being formed, then the Townshend Acts happened. The Townshend Acts led to the Daughters of Liberty being formed. Then the Boston Massacre, which made the Colonists furious, so they did the Boston Tea Party. The British couldn't believe that the colonist would do the Boston Tea Party, so the colonists got punished with the Intolerable Acts. After the Intolerable Acts, Paul Revere took the Midnight Ride, which finally led to the beginning of the Revolutionary War, which was the battle of Lexington and Concord.

Who fought for the colonies?

(Picture is the Sons of Liberty Flag.)

The British were pushing the colonist around a lot, and the colonies were finally done. A group of 9 men started a group called the Loyal Nine, which later transformed into the Sons Of Liberty. The group expanded rapidly. The Sons of Liberty wanted to protest the Stamp Act. According to American History, by McDougal Littell, Page 158, the Sons of Liberty's quote was "No taxation without representation!".


The Sons of Liberty had meetings under the Liberty Tree. One of their first movements was of August 14, 1765. The movement was in response to the Stamp Act. Andrew Oliver, was one of the most obvious leaders, so of course the Sons of LIberty went after him. The Sons of Liberty made a effigy, (which is a model/ dummy of a person.) and then hung the effigy on the Liberty tree. A large crowd soon formed, and they supported the Sons of Liberty, so they decided to take the effigy down. They then stomped on it, beheaded it, burned it, and then paraded it through the streets. The crowd went to Olivers house, broke down the fence, broke the windows, broke funirtue, and then looted his house. Oliver then resigned on August 17. On December 17, the colonists made him publicly swear on an oath, that he would not be a stamp master ever again.

Townshend Acts

Long story short, tax was raised on many things like glass, paints, paper and tea. These items were very important to the colonies.

What did the Townshend Acts cause?

Men weren't the only people who helped break away from the Mother Country. Women also played a big part. A group women formed The Daughters of Liberty, which was an important group that helped break away from the Mother Country. The women signed a contract to not drink tea as long as it was taxed. They instead boiled water and put a basil leaf in it to create a drink that is like tea. Not drinking tea wasn't the only thing they did to break away from Britain, they also wove their own cloth with yarn and wool. They used to cloth to make uniforms for the colonist, and flags for the colonies. (Picture is of Daughters of Liberty making cloth.)
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Crispus Attucks and the Massacre

Crispus Attucks was a slave in Framingham, Massachusetts. (1723). His mother was Native American, and his father was African American. Attucks ran away from slavery, and he ended up in Boston on March 5, 1770. When he arrived there was a group that was protesting against the British, so Attucks joined them. They started to insult the British soldiers, then they started throwing snowballs. As the commotion grew, so did the crowd. The soldiers got scared for their safety, so shots were fired. Four people were killed, and one of those people were Attucks. The colonists thought of those people as heroes fighting for their freedom. The British troops were soon arrested, and Sam Adams was their lawyers. This inspired people to stand up for their freedom.

Another Strike in Boston!

The Townshend Acts were reversed by the Parliament in April 1770. The British income was hurt. Parliament kept the tax that was from the tea, so it showed that they still had the right to tax tea. The colonists were furious, so they drank stolen tea from Holland; therefore the tea sat in the ports and rotted. The Parliament passed the Tea Act in 1773. The Tea Act gave one company (other than the British) permission to sell tea. This prevented colonist to be merchants and shippers. Protesting started. In Charlestown, South Dakota, colonist unloaded tea, and then let it rot in the docs. In New York and Philadelphia, colonist blocked port entrances, so no boats could dock. Finally, in Boston, the Sons of Liberty organized the Boston Tea Party.


On the evening of December 16, 1773, the Sons of Liberty dressed up as Native Americans and boarded the tea ships that were in the Boston harbor. McDougal Littell's American History says that the men were ordered to "open the hatches of the tea chests, and throw them overboard." When the men were done, a total of 342 chests of tea were thrown overboard. When the British found out, they couldn't believe what happened, so they reversed the Tea Act, and punishments were arranged. (Picture below is of the Boston Tea Party)

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Punishment- Intolerable Acts


The people of Boston "Ought to be knocked out of their ears!" said a British official. (McDougal Littell's American History.) The British official also said that "We must master them, or totally leave them to themselves and treat them as aliens." The British decided to master them. The Parliament passed a law to punish the colonist. The punishments were really harsh, so the colonist decided to call them the Intolerable Acts. The laws were:
  • Closing the port, so they had to pay for the damaged tea.
  • Closing the port, so they had to pay for the damaged tea.
  • They told the Massachusetts character to ban town meetings.
  • Replacing the elected governor with the king's choice of governor Increased the governor's power over the colonists. (The governor that the king picked was General Thomas Gage)
  • Protected the British officials accused of crimes Allowing the British to house with the colonist
When the acts were passed, Sam Adams wrote I wish I could arouse the continent. Later, Adam's wish came true. The First Continental Congress made a law that banned all trade with the British until the Intolerable Acts were reversed. (Picture below is of some of the Intolerable Acts.)
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Midnight Ride

Paul Revere took the Midnight Ride to warn everybody that he British were coming by sea (two lanterns). He had to let the Minutemen know that the British were coming . The MInutemen were a group of the colonist's soldiers that had to let the Militia (Professional soldiers.) know that the British were coming. The minutemen were called minutemen because they had to be ready to fight at any time. The Militia were ready to battle the British at Lexington. (Picture below is Paul telling the colonist about the Red Coats)
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Lexington and Concord

Both sides were ready to battle, but the 240 British soldiers didn't know that the 70 Militia were going to be ready to fight. Both sides didn't know that this was going to be the start of the Revolutionary War. Many things led up to the battle, like the Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, Boston Massacre, and Boston Tea Party.The battle was fought on April 19, 1775. When both sides arrived, they stared at each other. When the first shot was fired, it was told that that shot was heard around the world. (Picture is of the battle of Lexington and Concord)
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Conclsuion

In Conclusion, the colonies fought hard and long to get their independence from Britain. People like the Sons and Daughters of LIberty, Militia and the minutemen helped fight. The British also put up a hard fight for the colonies. Through the Quartering Acts, Sugar Acts, Stamp Acts, Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts, the Midnight Ride, and finally the Lexington and Concord battle. Those events all led to the start of the Revolutionary war.

Cites

"Battles of Lexington and Concord." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2015.

"Lexington and Concord." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2015.

MacLean, Maggie. "History of American Women." Daughters of Liberty. History of American Women, 2 Mar. 2009. Web. 11 Oct. 2015.

Muscato, Christophe. "Minutemen in the Revolutionary War: Definition & History." Http://study.com/academy/lesson/minutemen-in-the-revolutionary-war-definition-history.html. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2015.

"Sons of Liberty | American History | 1765." Sons of Liberty | American History. Boston Tea Party and Ships Museum, n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2015.

"The Sons of Liberty." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, 4 July 1995. Web. 9 Oct. 2015.

"Townshend Acts." History. Ed. Eric Foner and John A. Garraty. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2015.