Coastal Native Texans

By Tori Cheney 5th peroid 9/8/15

What they eat?

"The diet of the coastal tribes where dependent upon fish, acorns, and camas root. The camas was eaten in its natural state or cooked, either by boiling or baking. The flavor of a cooked camas resembles that of a baked sweet potato. The indians preserved the cooked or sun-dried bulbs by pressing them into cakes called pasheco. Sometimes they added a cake of pasheco for flavor when boiling salmon. Camas soup was also a popular dish"

What wer their houses like?

  • "They lived in longhouses or 'Big houses' constructed out of cedar planks.
  • Each longhouse was 50-150 feet long and 20-60 feet wide, and housed several "


    What did they where?

    "Coastal tribes wore very little clothing, except in the coldest weather. They made extensive use of cedar bark and very little use of animal skins. The garments they wore were designed more for shedding water than for providing warmth."

    Their goverment

    "Coast groups were divided into basic social units: extended families with a common ancestor. In these family groups, the oldest and highest ranking individual was named the Chief of the family. Then within each family, a person's rank was determined by their relationship with the Chief.
  • Chiefs were responsible for distributing wealth amongst the people. Those who had a higher social status received more, all the way down to the lowest ranked individual. "


    Their religon

    "Coast culture, their customs, beliefs, and history were passed down orally through stories, songs, and dances.
  • They had stories about why certain things occurred, for example, the changes in season. There were also stories about each group and how they first appeared in this world. All of these stories were passed down to subsequent generations.
  • The people of the Northwest believed that they were surrounded, at all times, by supernatural beings interfering with the natural world.
  • In their culture, spirits were connected to all living things.
  • The only link between the spirit world and the natural world was the 'Shamans' or 'Medicine Men'. "


    Their language

    "Coast people have the most diverse languages of any First Peoples group in Canada. It is estimated that there are nineteen distinct languages spoken by the people. However, if the comparable languages are grouped together then the languages spoken in the area can be divided into five main language groups (for convenience sake), and they are:
    • Haida
    • Tlingit
    • Tsimshian - Nishga (Nisga'a) and Gitksan
    • Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) - Haisla, Heiltsuk, and Kwakwakw'wakw (Kwakiutl)
    • Salishan (Nuxalk and Coast Salish) "

    How did they adapt to their environment.

    They lived near the water, either the Pacific Ocean or an inland river or lake, and relied on water for their survival. They also took advantage of the huge of forest in the area and used cedar trees to make their houses and canoes, to their blankets and clothing.

    Comparing the Native Americans

    No other Indians in Texas lived by the water. Their are not nomadic unlike the Plains Indians. Like the Southeastern they Built their houses out of wood frames, but the Costal houses are built completely made of wood. The plans they eat meat, plains eat buffalo and Costal eat see food.

    A new fact