Greek Cultural Contributions

Allison Dyson


Greek Architecture is known for its columns. There are three types of columns: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Other types of Greek art include pottery, sculptures, and paintings. Every city state had a temple that was dedicated to a specific god. They went there to worship and make sacrifices. Some leaders like Pericles and Alexander the Great spread the Greek architecture throughout Europe.

We see Greek influence in architecture today in important buildings. The White House, Capital Building, Supreme Court, and the Lincoln Memorial all have columns that show Greek influence.


Greek Government is known for its many kinds of Direct Democracy. This is where everyone could voice their opinion and vote on laws. A council was chosen by a lottery where they pull names out of a hat, and they were limited to one year service. They also had to be eighteen to vote and to participate. All white males over eighteen, were expected to vote.

They did have slavery in Greek for many reasons.

This is because most people, are busy working at their jobs, and were too busy to pay people to work for them so they thought it would be easier to force people to work for them instead. Most people that were in slavery were born free, and were sold into slavery by their parents because they were to poor to take care of them. About a third of the people that were living in Ancient Greece at that were slaves.

There were two major different kinds of wars in Ancient Greece, the Peleponnesian, Persian War, and the Greco-Persian War. The people that fought against each other were the Spartans, and the Athens. They both fought in the Greco-Persian Wars between the four hundred ninety-nine and four hundred fourty-nine B.C. Greek Government still influences our government today.


There are many different sports in Ancient Greece. Some sports consist of Boxing, Equestrian Events, Chariot Racing, Riding, Discus, Javelin, Jump, Running, and wrestling. The only people allowed to play in sports were free men who spoke Greek. Also, men were the only ones that could watch sports, women could not.

Athletic Competition develop in Ancient Greece because of their beliefs to honor gods. Ancient Greeks felt that athletes were very serious, that they were heroes, and they would get free meals for a year. Ancient Greek culture is reflected in today's society because we still have the Olympics.


Some philosophers in Greek today are Anaximander, Anaximenes, Pythagorus, Euclid, Thales, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and Pythagora. Pythagorus invented Pythagorem. Plato invented the Republic or the Aristotle. Philosophers were afraid of Socrates because they made the people question the government. Socrates was executed because they thought he was committing treason.

We still see doctors use the Hippocratic Oath today. In the Hippocratic Oath the doctor swears to a multiple number of healing gods that he will not go out and share information about their patient to others. The Hippocratic Oath is one of the most known of the Greek texts. So, as you can see we got lots of Ancient sports from Greece that we still do that today.


Mythology in ancient Greece uses storytelling for many different reasons. One way is because they use storytelling to explain the unexplainable things such as storms. In Mythology, there is no way to research to where the idea of mythology came from.

Mythology has twelve main Olympians. Some of those are, Zeus, Hera, Aphrodite, Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Demeter, Dionysos, Hephaistos, Hermes, and Poseidon. Olympian god and goddesses, could look like women and men but can change into animals and other things. So as you can see, Mythology influenced use by telling us about Olympians of god and goddesses and told us about myths, some that people still use today.