Chapter 16 Vocabulary

By: Caroline Yeager

Decision-Making Process

Governments often make decisions. Government officials usually follow a logical decision making process including:

  • Identify a problem
  • Gather information
  • List various options
  • Consider the advantages and disadvantages of each option
  • Choose and implement a solution
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of the solution

Government Policy

A series of decisions and actions on a particular issue or topic.

Point of View

Different points of view often influence the development of public policies and decisions. This occurs in local, state, and national levels of government.

Cultural Beliefs

Influence citizenship practices, public policies, and decision making processes. Cultural beliefs include:

  • Nationalism
  • Patriotism


Loyalty and support for ones country. It is the belief that citizens should obey their country's laws and rally to its defense.


Refers only to a socio-cultural entity, a union of people sharing who can identify culturally and linguistically. This concept does not necessarily consider formal political unions.


Refers to a legal/political entity that is comprised of the following: a) a permanent population; b) a defined territory; c) a government ; and d) the capacity to enter into relations with other states.


Refers to a single or multiple nationalities joined together in a formal political union. The nation-state determines an official language(s), a system of law, manages a currency system, uses a bureaucracy to order elements of society, and fosters loyalties to abstract entities like "Canada," "the United States," and so on.


The belief that each people or ethnic group, known as a nation, should have its own government and nation-state.