Preventive Care

Reproductive Health

Pap Smears

A check for infection or abnormal cells in the cervix. This can prevent abnormal cell problems or infections from developing into a greater disease or cancer. A girl should really not have to get regular pap smears until the age of 21. Then, they should get them regularly based on what their doctor says is necessary.


Mammograms and self-examinations should be performed regularly. Doctors are looking for any signs of lumps or thickening of the breast or irritation. Mammograms are usually accurate and can detect these things early on. Mammograms should be done especially in the ages between 45 to 50, when the risks of tumors and breast cancer may be the highest.

Testicular examinations

Testicular examinations can also be self-examinations. Self-examinations should be performed regularly. Doctors want to look for any lumps or bumps in the testicles to check for disease. It is especially crucial to be examined during ages 15 to 35, when the risks of testicular cancer are the highest.

Prostate Cancer: PSA testing

This testing may not be necessary for men, especially men who are 70 and older. It's a test in the prostate gland that can detect whether a man has prostate cancer or not.