History, Government, & Economy
The AztecsThe Aztec's rule was from 1350-1521 in what is now Mexico City. (A lifetime ago!) The Aztecs were the last of the pre-Columbian Mexican Civilizations. The pre-Columbian civilizations are the Zapotecs, the Mayans, the Toltecs, and the Aztecs. The Aztec's capital was called Tenochtitlian. Why did their civilization fall? Well, Hernan Cortez, the spanish conquistador took over. He wanted to rule the Aztecs and started his takeover in 1519. (Jeez! maybe he could just have made a deal!) The Aztecs thought that Cortez looked like the god, Quetzalc and welcomed him in. In their religion, the Aztecs believed that one day, Quetzalc would come and take all his followers. It also just happened so that Cortez came on Quetzalc's birthday! But, when they found out who Cortez really was, it was too late and the Aztec rule was over.
The current president of Mexico is Enrique Peña Nieto. The president can only serve one term, which is 6 years long. What a bummer! A United States president can serve for two four year terms! They have a federal system and a presidential democracy. But still, Mexico has many flaws. Many citizens complain about the lack of rule of law. It has begun to become a constant problem and authorities are working to fix it. (Thank goodness! I didn't want any wars or riots happening!)
Mexico's GDP is $1.578 trillion and the literacy rate is 91%. That's a whole lot of money! Mexico's top three trading partners are the United States, Canada, and China. The number one import is electronic equipment from the United States. The number one export are motorized vehicles to the United States. I guess you could call America and Mexico besties in trading. The United States gets 81.2 percent of Mexico's exports.