Bolivia

Hannah Jeon

Most of the information present is taken from the year 2013 unless said otherwise. These pictures are not of my own, credibility will be given at the very bottom.

Population Density & Distribution

Population Density

In Bolivia, the amount of people expected on each square kilometer of land is 10. This excludes the major lakes and rivers, exclusive economic zones, and national claims.
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Ethnic Groups

Quechua make up 30% of Bolivia's population, Aymara making up 25%. There are mestizos as well, a mixed heritage of white and American Indian, that make up 30% of the population. The last 15% are made up of white heritages.

Rates

Crude Birth Rate

For every 1,000 counted, 26 babies are born yearly. On the graph to the right, Bolivia has a higher birth rate; since the medical technology has advanced and contraceptives are widely available, the birth rate has gotten lower.

Rate of Natural Increase

The natural increase rate for Bolivia is 19, found by subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate.

Crude Death Rate

Per 1,000 people counted, out of the entire population, 7 people pass away. Compared to the other countries shown on the left, Bolivia appears to have a below average death rate.

Infant Mortality Rate

Sadly, out of every 1,000 infants born a year, at least 32 died before reaching the age of one. If compared with the lowest mortality rate, Bolivia sadly harbors 30 more deaths of infants than Sweden.

Life Expectancy

In Bolivia, newly born infants are expected to live up to the age of 67. In comparison to previous years, the life expectancy has gotten higher because of the medical and agricultural technology advancements.

Fertility Rate

On average, women in Bolivia will give birth to at least 3 children before menopause. The rate hasn't steeply dropped but it did go down slightly.

GNI PPP

Gross National Income | Purchasing Power Parity

After being converted into US dollars and based on the PPP, $5,900 comes out as the total in 2013.

Natural Hazards

Seeing the reports of previous years, the most likely hazards would be floods and landslide. Consulting the graphs, the most consistent hazard has been floods for 24 years. It might cause the death rates to rise unless they find a way to avoid deaths by inventing air-tight houses or mechanisms that help houses float.

(Historical) Population Trends

"The total fertility rate has declined by a third since 1970. Nevertheless, Bolivia has one of the highest total fertility rates among all countries of Central and South America." (Reed, Population Trends: Bolivia, 1998)


"Contraceptive use increased from 30 percent of women in union in 1989 to 45 percent in 1994, but 60 percent of all users still rely on inefficient traditional methods." (Reed, Population Trends: Bolivia, 1998)

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From 1998, they had predicted the population of 2020 and how many each age group would have.

Demographic Transition Model Hypothesis

I feel as if Bolivia is in the late end of the 2nd stage or early 3rd stage because they're birth rate and death rate has gotten lower but not by much. Although, the natural increase rate has been rising despite the dropping birth and death rates.

Population Policies

They would like to lower the birth and death rates to keep the infant mortality rate down. They plan to educate children on health and hygiene habits that can prevent from premature deaths. The National Development Strategy is also willing to handout pamphlets for women's integral health, trying to inform them about the consequences of unhealthy habits.


The objective is "to strive for a harmonious relationship between population dynamics and the process of social and economic development that will permit the factors that influence population trends to be affected in a positive way. This relationship must also contribute towards satisfying the basic needs of various population groups, while maintaining both sustainable development and the environment." (National Development Strategy: An Instrument for Coordination. . . . Population Policy Guidelines, 1992)


"Under this Strategy, it is important to support the National Plan of Infant Survival and Development and Maternal Health, extending the technical methods of the program of "Infant Survival in Bolivia" and analyzing current information on health and mortality through following indicators, using information and data on the target populations, priorities, and situations of urgency, so that these activities are effective." (National Development Strategy: An Instrument for Coordination. . . . Population Policy Guidelines, 1992)

Citations

"Bolivia." - Disaster & Risk Profile. Web. 16 Oct. 2015.

"Population Density Map of Bolivia." By BestCountryReports.com. Web. 16 Oct. 2015.

"Population of the World." Population of Bolivia 2030 and Bolivia Population Statistics. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.

"Life Expectancy in Bolivia." World Life Expectancy. Web. 13 Oct. 2015.

"Death Rate, Crude (per 1,000 People)." Death Rate, Crude (per 1,000 People). Web. 13 Oct. 2015.

"Birth Rate, Crude (per 1,000 People)." Birth Rate, Crude (per 1,000 People). Web. 13 Oct. 2015.

"Fertility Rate, Total (births per Woman)." Fertility Rate, Total (births per Woman). Web. 13 Oct. 2015.

Kent, Mary. "In Bolivia, Slow Fertility Decline and Some Improvements in Health Indicators." In Bolivia, Slow Fertility Decline and Some Improvements in Health Indicators. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.

"GNI per Capita, PPP (current International $)." GNI per Capita, PPP (current International $). Web. 12 Oct. 2015.

"Life Expectancy at Birth, Total (years)." Life Expectancy at Birth, Total (years). Web. 12 Oct. 2015.

"International Programs." Information Gateway. Web. 9 Oct. 2015.

"Bolivia Ethnic Groups." Demographics. Web. 16 Oct. 2015.

"International Programs." People and Households. Web. 14 Oct. 2015.

National Development Strategy, 1992. (National Development Strategy: An Instrument for Coordination. . . . Population Policy Guidelines, 1992, La Paz, Bolivia, Ministry of Planning and Coordination, Department of Population Policy, 1992.

"Bolivia Population Policies." Harvard Education. Web. 15 Oct. 2015.