Ukraine

Name/Editor/By: Alexa Siddons

Ukraine

About Ukraine

Ukraine is one of the largest countries in Europe. It was first put on the world map in 1991. It includes one of the deepest metro stations in the world. Ukraine is a very large grain exporter. In Kiev, Ukraine there is the 3rd most visited Mc.Donalds. If your nationality is from Ukraine then you would be a Ukrainian. Ukraine is very full in geography and history. Site: http://www.ukraine-insight.com.ua/interesting_facts_Ukraine.html In this SMORE you will learn about all aspects of Ukraine including its geography, travel, government, economy, ethnic groups, and more. Keep in mind I have found a lot of websites saying information about Ukraine is daily or constantly changing due to conflict.

Geography and Travel of Ukraine

Geography
Ukraine is located in Southeast Europe. This country has a lot of fertile black soil. It has many mountain ranges like the Carpathians and Crimean. The Carpathians are located in Stryi, Ukraine. The Crimean mountains are located in Crimea, Ukraine. It's made up of both flat and rolling plains. Ukraine also includes hills and ridges. Ukraine is made up of many rivers and other bodies of water. One of the largest is the Dnieper river. This river is located through Kiev down to Kherson, Ukraine. Man-made dams in Ukraine help for the use of Hydroelectric power. The temperature and climate in Ukraine are typically warmer towards the East. In winter the temperature becomes colder. Precipitation is largest in the North, but the drier area is the South. The wettest season in Ukraine is surprisingly Summer. Info found at http://geography.howstuffworks.com/europe/geography-of-ukraine1.htm
Travel
The most populated city in Ukraine is Kiev, the capital city. The Ukraine National Airport is located is Kiev. Most people live there because it is the largest and most busy city in Ukraine. Other people populate the rest of Ukraine because of its rich soil that's good for farming. They live on the hope of having a better life. The best way to travel from Texas to Ukraine would be by airplane. This ride would take an estimated total of 12 hours and 14 minutes. Tickets can range from US $900-$1,000 and possibly more. The price would also vary depending on if you have housing, food, gas, and other needs already available. Public transportation consists of trolleybuses, buses, street trains, and subways. For regular transportation you could use cars, bikes, or get exercise by walking.


Travel sites used for this info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cities_in_Ukraine and
http://www.travelmath.com/flying-time/from/Dallas,+TX/to/Kiev,+Ukraine and http://www.tryukraine.com/info/transportation/public.shtml

Government of Ukraine

Government:
The Ukraine government is a Presidential or Republic government. It is a limited government but sometimes vary because of conflict. They have a president for a term of 5 years and can have a 2nd term. There is also a Prime Minister and Cabinet under the President. Ukraine was labeled "Partly Free". The rights of people in Ukraine are or used to be Rights to fair trial, media and information freedom, and freedom of expression. Some problems include refugee camps and migrant issues. Also they deal with human trafficking. One of the biggest conflicts right now and in 2014 is the Russia-Ukraine conflict. This battle is being fought against the army and pro- Russian Rebels. Ukraine is also experiencing a large financial crisis. All of the fighting has caused a lot of shut down in places in Ukraine. Ukraine often receives money or aid from United States, and other countries in Europe. Ukraine became a member of the United Nations in 1945. We have similar rights and responsibilities in the United States as they do there, but the fighting and conflict have changed a lot of the information every day about rights and government in Ukraine.


Picture from: http://all-free-download.com/free-vector/vector-clip-art/balance_scale_clip_art_10655.html
Info from: http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/ukraine-government.html and http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/02/10/ukraine-financial-crisis_n_6655748.html and
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_rights_in_Ukraine

Economics

Ukraine uses a currency called Hyrvnia. One Hyrvnia is 0.036 US Dollars. So if you went shopping in Ukraine and wanted to spend $50 US Dollars you would have to use 1,400 Hyrvnia. Some of Ukraine's imports are Petroleum Gas, Cars, Coal Briquettes, Medicament, and Refined Petroleum. Some of Ukraine's top exports are grain, semi-finished iron, seed oils, corn, hot rolled iron, and iron ore. Ukraine exports mostly with these countries, Russia (may not be anymore due to the conflicts between them), Egypt, Turkey, Italy, and Kazakhstan. They import or trade with Russia, China, Germany, Belarus, and Poland. The GDP per capita of Ukraine as of 2013 is 3,900.47 US dollars so its about 109,161 Hyrvnia. Life expectancy in Ukraine is about 68 years, Literacy rate is about 99.7%, and the population is 44.9 million. I would say Ukraine is not a wealthy country based on it's struggles with money, changing rights, and conflicts. The United States is a wealthier and more stable country.

Pic From: https://openclipart.org/detail/170057/money-wads-by-vokimon

Info. From: http://atlas.media.mit.edu/profile/country/ukr/ and http://www.xe.com/currencyconverter/ and http://country-facts.findthedata.com/q/49/2395/What-is-the-literacy-rate-in-Ukraine-a-country-in-the-continent-of-Europe
A lot of the information google gives you without going on to a specific website like GDP per Capita or Currency so: https://www.google.com/?gws_rd=ssl#q=Gdp+per+capita+of+Ukraine and https://us.search.yahoo.com/yhs/search?hspart=iry&hsimp=yhs-fullyhosted_011&type=mcy__14_50_sa&param1=yhsbeacon&param2=f%3D4%26b%3DFirefox%26cc%3DUS%26p%3D

Society, Ethnic Groups, and Education

Ethnic Groups
There are many ethnic groups in Ukraine. The groups are Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, and Moldovan 0.5%. There are many conflicts between Ethnic groups. Some of the problems are racism and discrimination between Ethnics. Ethnic conflict is also included in the Russia-Ukraine Conflict.
Education:
Education exists in Ukraine but is a big problem. The Literacy rate in Ukraine is 99.7% of the population. This number is high because education taught in Ukraine is reading. I think they don't have as good as education and as in depth as education in America. In Ukraine there is a law that states once you turn 6 you have to start schooling. Its mandatory to have at least 11 years of school. There are many different levels of education in Ukraine. These levels are, Preschool, Primary, Secondary, Higher, and Post-Graduate education. These educational options are suitable for 6-17 year old children. Education in Ukraine is 50% payed for by the city and 50% by the government. Most families wouldn't be able to afford education in Ukraine without the funding from city and government.
Rights:
Woman have little to no rights in Ukraine. Woman and children are some of the main targets of kidnappers and human trafficking. They are constantly at risk of these things and more. Woman are discriminated from jobs and places because of their gender. Violence is very high against woman in Ukraine. Woman are constantly put down because of who they are. Woman are pushed out of certain jobs. There are also more jobs available for men than woman. Woman have similar constitutional rights as men but are treated badly. Children in Ukraine face racism, discrimination, violence, abuse, trafficking, polluted environment, war, child labor, and don't have a good educational system. The rights said to be given are for disabled children, AIDS, and health and medical access. Organizations like the one I was looking at, work to in-force child laws in Ukraine and around the world. So yes men have more rights and better outlooks than woman and children in Ukraine.


Pic from: http://pixabay.com/en/photos/?order=best&cat=education

Info. from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_rights_in_Ukraine

Info From: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/up.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Ukraine

Religion and Language

Language
The official language spoken in Ukraine is Ukrainian which about 77.8% of the population speaks. Some of the other major languages include Russian 24%, and other languages that about 9% of the total population speaks. Some of the other less major languages spoken are Romanian, Polish, and Hungarian.
Religion
Some of the major religions in Ukraine are Christianity, Orthodox, and Catholic. Some of the churches and other religions in Ukraine are the Roman Catholic Church, the Greek Catholic Church, Lutheran and Baptists.
Flag
The flag of Ukraine is often changed but the same colors blue and yellow always stay the same. It's used as a national flag, and state design. It is often seen on statues, stamps, and as decoration. The flag was stated the official flag on January 28, 1992. Though it was first considered in 1918. The colors blue and yellow represented Ukraine's struggle for independence. The blue half represents peace, sky, and, the many rivers and streams in Ukraine. The yellow half of the flag represents prosperity, and grain or wheat fields.

Flag meaning: http://www.worldflags101.com/u/ukraine-flag.aspx
Websites used: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/up.html and http://risu.org.ua/en/index/reference and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_Ukraine

Holidays, Food, and Clothing

Holidays
There are many official and religious holidays in Ukraine. New years in Ukraine is celebrated from January 1-3. This holiday in Ukraine is celebrated like we celebrate Christmas in America. There are sweet treats, trees, and decorations. They even have a Ded Moroz (Santa Claus) who travels the world. The Orthodox Christmas is also very similar to Christmas in America. Its celebrated on January 7, when the first star is shown in the sky. It includes feast, celebration, and festivities. During this holiday Svyatyi Mykola similar to Santa Claus is said to bring gifts. Orthodox Easter is celebrated on April 13. During this time a fast is held called lent, the house is cleaned, and special foods are prepared. They also decorate raw eggs called Pysanky. This celebrates Jesus Resurrection. Constitution Day is held on June 29 celebrating when Ukraine's constitution was official. They celebrate with fireworks and parties. Maslenitsa is a religious and folk holiday that originated in Russia though its often celebrated in Ukraine. It celebrates the end of winter and includes many Christian and Pagan traditions. Many traditional pastries and foods are eaten during this time, like Bliny (similar to pancakes or crepes). They also celebrate Victory Day, Orthodox Pentecost, Independence day, and Labor Day.
Clothing
During the holiday Maslenitsa the traditional clothing worn is colorful headscarves, shawls and other warm clothing. Also colorful hats and such are worn. In modern times unless celebrating by tradition people wear what they choose on this holiday.
Regularly worn clothing in Ukraine differ by age. It also differs by gender, the women would wear colorful hats, scarves, and skirts, and the men would wear colorful pants. Every time you get older your traditional clothing changes. Once you marry clothing changes again. If you were a little girl you would wear un-belted shifts, Sorochiki, and can wear your hair loose. Young women and Women wear single braids, belted shifts, Sorochki, and skirts. Women wear 2 braids, hair up, and head covered. As you age clothing colors get darker and more modesty is applied. Men wear the same thing most of their life. All clothing is brightly colored and have many designs.
Food
There are a lot of traditional foods eaten in Ukraine, here are some of the favorites I have found. Solyanka is a thick, spicy, sour soup filled with meats, vegetables, mushrooms, and pickles. Kovbasa is smoked or boiled pork, beef, chicken, sausages, and other meats. It is typically eaten for breakfast. Mylntsi are thin bread or pancake like dishes that are filled with meat, cabbage, and different fruits. It is also served with sour cream. Pampushky is a sweet dough or doughnut type dessert dipped in sugar and is filled with sweet fillings. Yum! Recipe for Pampushky down below.


Pic from: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fireworks4_amk.jpg
Websites used: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maslenitsa and http://realukraine.info/ukrainian-traditional-clothes/ and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukrainian_cuisine and http://www.ukraine.com/national-holidays/

Pampushky recipe

Recipe Directions found at http://www.food.com/recipe/ukrainian-pampushky-christmas-doughnuts-199045 picture from: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pampushky.jpg
Ingredients
2 tablespoons active dry yeast
1/2 cup of water
1 tablespoon sugar
2/3 cup milk
1/4 cup sweet butter
1 teaspoon salt
1/3 cup sugar
2 eggs beaten
3 egg yolks
1 teaspoon vanilla
1 grated lemon rind
4-5 cups of all purpose flour
  • Fillings

  • prune jam or poppy seeds or cherry preserves or apricot jam
  • lard (for deep frying)
  • extra finely granulated sugar
  • cinnamon
  • POPPY SEED FILLING

  • 3⁄4 lb poppy seed
  • 1⁄2 cup unsalted butter
  • 1⁄2 cup honey
  • 3 tablespoons light sweet cream
  • 1⁄2 cup chopped raisins
  • 1 grated lemons, rind of or 1⁄2 orange
  • 1⁄2 teaspoon cinnamon (to taste)
  • Visit website for directions on Recipe.
  • DIRECTIONS

    1. POPPY SEED FILLING: The night before, cover poppy seeds with boiling water and let them soak until the following morning, or wash and parboil for 30 minutes just before grinding. Drain thoroughly and grind in a poppy-seed grinder, or put them through the finest blade of your meat chopper 3 or 4 times. I use a coffee grinder for this. (or buy ground poppy seeds if there is a store near you that prepares them, but be sure they are not rancid.).
    2. Cream butter with honey. When well blended, combine with cream, poppy seeds and remaining filling ingredients. (Some people prefer to omit the butter and to cook the ground poppy seeds with 2 cups milk and the honey until the mixture is thick. The other ingredients are then stirred in.).
    3. FOR THE DOUGHNUTS: Sprinkle yeast into warm water, add 1 tablespoon sugar, cover lightly and set aside in a warm place for 5 to 10 minutes, or until mixture. Scald milk and stir in butter, salt and sugar. When butter melts, cool milk to lukewarm. Combine with beaten eggs and yolks and yeast mixture, vanilla and lemon rind. Gradually beat in enough flour to make a medium firm dough that is still pliable. Knead until smooth and elastic—about 10 minutes. Place dough in a floured bowl, dust with flour and set to rise in a draft free corner until double in bulk—about 1 1/2 hours. Punch dough down and let it rise again until doubled.
    4. Turn dough onto a floured board and roll out to 1/2 inch thickness. Cut into circles with a 3-inch round cookie cutter. Place a teaspoonful of filling on half of the circles. Top with unfilled circles and pinch edges closed, using a little cold water to seal them. Let rise, uncovered, on floured board until doubled in bulk.
    5. Fry a few at a time in lard heated to 375°F Turn once so both sides become golden brown. Allow about 6 minutes for frying each batch. Drain on paper towel and sprinkle with sugar and cinnamon. Makes about 2 dozen doughnuts.
    6. Visions of SugarPlums.
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CER

Based on the information presented and learned one could conclude that most of Ukraine's cultural influences come from Russia.

Ukraine's major languages are 70.22% Ukrainian, and 21.66% Russian. Out of Ukraine's Ethnic groups the two most major are 77.8% Ukrainian, and 17.3% Russian. Ukraine's official religion is Orthodox Christians, and Russia's official religion is Orthodox Christians. This religion is surprisingly one of the major religions of Ukraine. They each celebrate similar holidays also. One of the holidays celebrated in both countries is Maslenitsa. During this holiday both countries eat a special treat called Bliny and dress very festive and similar. Each celebrates Maslenitsa at the same time and uses the same Christian traditions. Another holiday shared by both is the Orthodox Christmas. They also have similar clothing designs and similar ways of dressing differently as you grow older.

This most likely occurs because Ukraine and Russians hold the highest amount of culture and people in Ukraine. Russian culture impacts a lot of Ukraine's culture due to cultural borrowing. Since they are both a big amount in Ukraine they have enough access to each other to impact each others cultures. Each country is also in very close proximity to each other. They each have the same religion so it's most likely taken from one and used in the other. Though each culture borrows off of each other they are each unique in many ways.

Therefore one could conclude that most of Ukraine's culture is impacted by Russia's culture.