The Holocaust

By: Ashton and Cole

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

  • On April 19, 1943 is when the uprising began.
  • It was during World War 2.
  • The Jewish ghetto staged an armed revolt against deportations to extermination camps.
  • It was in Nazi-occupied Warsaw.
  • The Warsaw inspired other groups to fight and take down the camps.
  • 400,000 Jews in the Warsaw capital were shoved and crammed in an area that was little more than 1 square mile.
  • August 2.1943 same Jewish prisoners seized weapons and staged a revolt, a lot escaped but some were captured and killed.
  • Now there is only an estimated amount of 55,000
  • April 19th the Jews outnumbered the Nazi but since there was no place to hide the Nazi killed thousands of Jews and blew up Warsaw's Great Synagogue.

Killing Center Revolts

  • Before the Nazis developed the killing centers and extermination camps, they used the Einsatzgruppen to kill the Jews and other undesirables.
  • Those massacres showed that there were glaring problems inherent in the extermination of masses of people, among them were the need of speed, efficient and complete body removal, secrecy, and disposal of belongings.
  • Killing centers, however, provided both expediency and secrecy, and the later extermination camps made possible the full range of physical and psychological abuse that the Nazis wished to employ in the destruction of the undesirables.
  • The Warsaw ghetto uprising inspired revolts in other ghetto centers.
  • Although many resisters of the cause knew they were bound to lose overwhelmingly to against superior German forces, they chose to die fighting.
  • After the last Jews deported to Treblinka were gassed in May 1943, about 1,000 Jewish prisoners remained at camp.
  • Aware they were soon to be exterminated, the prisoners decided to revolt.
  • On August 2, armed with shovels, picks, and a few stolen weapons, they set fire to part of the camp when they broke through a barbed wire fence.
  • Aleksander Pechersky and Leon Feldhendler planned a similar revolt in 1943.
  • On October 14, prisoners killed eleven camp guards and set fire on the camp. About 300 prisoners escaped, but many were killed during the manhunt that followed.
  • Only fifty survived at the end of the war.
  • At Auschwitz-Birkenau,a group of prisoners of the Sonderkommando rebelled on October 7,1944, killing three guards and women accused of supplying the dynamite were hung in front of the remaining inmates.
  • One of them, 23-year-old Roza Robolta shouted “be strong, have courage,” as the trap door opened.

Jewish Partisans

  • The fighters, or partisans, were concentrated in densely wooded areas.
  • A large group of partisans in occupied Soviet territory hid in a forest near the Lithuanian capital of Vilna.
  • They were able to derail hundreds of trains and kill over 3,000 German soldiers.
  • Life as a partisan in the forest was difficult.

  • People had to move from place to place to avoid discovery, raid farmers' food supplies to eat, and try to survive the winter in flimsy shelters built from logs and branches.
  • In some places, partisans received assistance from local villagers, but more often they could not count on help, partly because of widespread antisemitism, partly because of people's fears of being severely punished for helping.
  • The partisans lived in constant danger of local informers revealing their whereabouts to the Germans.
  • Many Jews participated in the partisan units formed in France and Italy to help regular Allied forces defeat German forces.
  • They forged documents and identity cards, printed anti-Nazi leaflets, and assassinated collaborators.
  • Twenty-three-year-old Hannah Senesh, a Hungarian Jew who emigrated to Palestine in 1939, was one of the thirty-two Palestinian parachutists the British dropped behind German lines to organize resistance and rescue efforts.
  • Before crossing the border in Hungary on June 7, 1944, to warn Hungarian Jews about the extermination camps, Senesh, a poet, handed a poem to one of her companions.
  • It ended with these lines: "Blessed is the heart with strength to stop its beating for honor's sake. Blessed is the match consumed in kindling flame."
  • Senesh was captured the next day and executed as a traitor to Hungary.