Charlotte Perkins Gilman

1860-1939

Her Life:

Charlotte was born on July 3, 1860, in Hartford, Connecticut. She attended the Rhode Island School of Design. Mrs. Gilman wrote many short stories and books, but one of her best-known short stories was "The Yellow Wall-Paper" that she published in 1892. One of her greatest accomplishments in non-fiction was her book Women and Economics. Gilman also established a magazine, The Forerunner, which she published from 1909 to 1916. On August 17, 1935, Gilman committed suicide in Pasadena, California.

Early Life:

Gilman was a writer and social reformer. She was also a social activist during the late 1800s and early 1900s. Charlotte's childhood was not the best. When she was young, her father abandoned the family leaving Charlotte's mother to raise two children on her own. The family moved around a lot, therefore her education and learning suffered greatly.

Inspiration for her best-know short story:

In 1884, Charlotte Gilman married an artist named Charles Stetson. They had a daughter named Katherine. During their marriage, Gilman started to experience severe depression and underwent a huge series of unusual treatments. Her experience with the depression was believed to have inspired her best-known short story "The Yellow Wallpaper."

Women's Rights Activism:

Gilman was very well know for her fiction, but she was also a very successful lecturer and intellectual. Her greatest works in nonfiction was Women and Economics, which was published in 1898. Charlotte was a feminist, and called for women to gain economic independence, which helped cement her standing as a successful social theorist. More of her important nonfiction works included The Home: Its Work and Influence (1903) and Does a Man Support His Wife? (1915).

The Forerunner:

Gilman published a magazine from 1909 to 1916 called The Forerunner. This magazine was a monthly journal on women's rights and related issues and ran for seven volumes. It was edited (and mostly written) by Mrs. Gilman.

The End of Her Life:

Gilman had married a second time to her cousin, George Gilman, in 1900. They were together until 1934 when he passed away. The following year from his death, Charlotte discovered that she had inoperable breast cancer. On August 17, 1935 in Pasadena, California, Charlotte Perkins Gilman committed suicide.

Some of her Works:

Works Cited:

"Charlotte Perkins Gilman Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 19 Mar. 2016.


"The Online Books Page: The Forerunner." The Forerunner Archives. John Mark Ockerbloom. Web. 19 Mar. 2016.