South Sudan

By: Michael B. Chris G. Tyler B. Matt.L

Introduction

On July 9th 2011, a country by the name of South Sudan separated from its father country, Sudan, to become an independent country. With over 98 % vote, the people of South Sudan wanted change which came. However, with many health and fighting problems, South Sudan has been having an atrocious start to it's beginning years, but hopefully South Sudan will be able to revive it's self from the hole it has already been dugged into.

Geography

South Sudan is located in East Africa, below it's father country Sudan, and West of Ethiopia. South Sudan is about the size of Texas, but does not have near the amount of people. South Sudan has a roughly 10 million people, with many of them in need of health care and water treatment. The Nile River runs right threw South Sudan, dispensing South Sudan with an abundant amount of water, but the water is not allows clean.

Climate - The climate of South Sudan is very hot with seasonal rainfall, in which the heaviest amount of rainfall is in the upland areas of the south.

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Government

In South Sudan, they have a Republic style of government which includes 3 branches. The Executive Branch which includes the Chief of State(President, right), Salva Mayardit. The Legislative Branch consist of the National Legislative Assembly. The NLA has 332 seats for members. The other part of the Legislative Branch branch in the Council of the States which only has 50 seats for members. The Judicial Branch of the government has the Supreme Court which controls the people who break the laws of the constitution which is called the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan. South Sudan seceded from the Nation on July 9, 2011. South Sudan has 10 total states. They are called Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile, Warrap, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Western Equatoria and the capital of South Sudan is Juba which is located in Central Equatoria.

Water

The water supply in Sudan has faced many challenges in the past. Even though the White Nile runs right through South sudan, the river almost completely dries up during the dry season. About one half of the population does not have access to a clean water supply. There are only a few water pipelines that deliver water, often the water is not safe to drink. However they are able to improve some of their water with the help of other governments that give them water purifiers. The rainfall that South Sudan is mainly seasonal, between July and October. In the southern part of South Sudan, there is a secondary rainy season between March and May. Groundwater is a important part of the water supply, it gives water to people and livestock during the dry season. However drilling for groundwater is usually not successful.

Economy

  • Industry and production are low
  • Most people are very poor
  • Government has little money after 10 years of civil war before secession. What money they do have the gov spends most of it to maintain a strong military.
  • Country has recieved $4 billion in aid since 2005
  • Subsistence farming is how most of the population make a living
  • The World Bank plans to invest in infrastructure
  • New currency- south sudanese pounds
  • 50.6% of population below poverty line
  • Have abundant natural resources- half million barrels of oil a day
  • Rich in agriculture, White nile valley is fertile and has access to water



Conclusion

Because South Sudan is a new country they are still developing, and they have a ways to go, with their economy and their water distribution. The economy is growing, however it is still far from being good. In the future infrastructure should grow, and the country will begin to develop. Also as South Sudan's infrastructure grows, their problems with health and sanitation will become better. If they use their resources and money in the right way they will be able to develop and begin fixing problems such as these.