Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Created by: Tayla Suitte / Health Science I Period 2 / 12/5

What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a condition that occurs in females when cysts form in the Ovaries. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is also known as Stein Leventhal syndrome and is characterized by irregular menstrual periods, ovulation periods, and high levels in androgens, which could lead to problems in fertility.

More about PCOS

ETIOLOGY/CAUSE:
Unkown
Increase in white blood cells may factor and Heredity may cause PCOS

SYMPTOMS:
menstrual dysfunction, anovulation, and signs of hyperandrogenism.Other signs and symptoms of PCOS may include the following:
  • Hirsutism

  • Infertility

  • Obesity and metabolic syndrome

  • Diabetes

  • Obstructive sleep apnea


TREATMENT:

Treatments are then chosen based on a woman's symptoms, age and future pregnancy plans. Treatment for PCOS may include:

  • Birth control pills to regulate menstruation
  • Insulin-sensitizing medications
  • Ovulation induction to treat infertility
  • Androgen-blocking medications
  • Topical anti-hair-growth medications
  • Other excess hair treatments
  • Treatments for hair loss
  • Acne treatments
  • Removal of other skin problems

Surgery can also be done to restore ovulation


PROGNOSIS:

There is no cure for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, but by leading a healthy lifestyle having hormone therapies to restart ovulation and going to regular checkups women can maintain their PCOS


POPULATION AFFECTED:

50% of women with PCOS will have diabetes
70% of women have PCOS and have not been diagnosed
50-70% of women with PCOS have resistance to insulin
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome affects 1 in 15 women worldwide