Mark Twain (1835-1910)

By: Ethan Rollinger

Birth of Samuel Clemens

  • Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Mark Twain) does not know that he will be a famous person one day
  • Samuel Clemens was born on November 30, 1835 in Florida, Missouri
  • His parents are John and Jane Clemens with 6 other siblings (Orion, Henry, Benjamin, and Pleasant Clemens) 4 brothers (Pamela and Margaret Clemens) 2 sisters.
  • Mark Twain was born when the Halley’s Comet was visible from Earth.
  • Mark Twain was the second youngest child in the family (Henry was the youngest).

Early Childhood

  • For the first 10 years of his life Mark Twain was in poor health.
  • He was coddled by his mother because of his poor health.
  • Mark Twain was mischievous, but due to his good nature he always got away with things.
  • The Clemens moved to Hannibal, Missouri in 1839 when Mark was only 4 years old.
  • In the summers, Mark visited his uncle John Quarles’s farm near Florida, Missouri, where he listened to stories told by the slave Uncle Daniel, who later became a model for Jim in Huckleberry Finn.

Education

  • Mark Twain did not get a lot of education since he dropped out of school after elementary school.
  • After elementary school, he worked at the Hannibal Journal for a while where he was a typesetter and contributed articles and humorous sketches.
  • Mark realized that wherever he went in his life, he would get enough education by his life experiencing and by reading at the Hannibal Library.
  • When he was 18-22 years of age, at the end of his education, he worked as a printer, traveling place to place.
  • After being a printer Mark Twain decided to be a river pilot and that is when he adopted the name Mark Twain

Career

  • After learning about the river when he was a pilot, He wrote a book about it called “Life on the Mississippi.”
  • The Civil War ended Mark Twain’s career of being a river pilot,but it also started something new. He became a reporter again.
  • Mark Twain traveled all over the country, when he was in California, he wrote his “Jumping Frog” story, which was in many newspapers.
  • Mark was sent to Hawaii as a roving reporter, and on his return back to the mainland, he began lecturing.
  • Next thing he knew, he was on a tour of the Mediterranean and Holy Land. This is where he wrote his next book “The Innocents Abroad”, which made him famous.

Family

  • In February 1870, Mark Twain married Olivia Langdon.
  • Mark twain and his wife moved to Hartford, Connecticut.
  • Then in November 1870, Mark Twain had his first son and child, but he died early at age two.
  • Mark and his wife had three daughters, Susy, Clara, and Jean Clemens.
  • These were Mark Twain's happy days.

Hobbies/Interests

  • As a boy, Mark Twain’s hobbies included playing hooky.
  • Mark Twain’s interest was traveling across the country to find fortune.
  • Another hobby that Mark enjoyed was writing books about his life experiences.
  • An interest for Mark was being a riverboat pilot or just being on the river in general.
  • Mark Twain loved spending time with his family.

Extra

  • Mark Twain’s daughter (Susy), died when she was only 24 years old, but before she died she wrote a biography about her dad.
  • Mark Twain died on April 21, 1910
  • In one point of Mark Twain’s life, he and his family went broke.
  • The last thing Mark wrote was a little thing called “Etiquette for the Afterlife”
  • After his father died, Mark Twain’s mother, brothers, and sisters sold almost everything they had to get out of debt.