Africa review

Physical geography

-Compare the Sahel vs. Sahara: there is little to no potential for profit, not well suited for farming

-population density patterns: the difference in population in a given region, more people live closer to fresh water sources like the Nile River.

-Aswan dam-advantages: increased Egypt's farmable land by 50% and avoided having droughts.

-Nile river basin: covers 1,256,591 square miles, about 10% of the area of Africa

-Ergs, Regs, Hamada: Ergs-great seas of sand, Regs- gravel covered plains, Hamada-high rock covered flatlands

-marginal land: land not suited for farming

-significance of the Suez Canal: artificial sea level water way in Egypt used for trading

-Niger River delta: 4000 oil spills have occurred here, massive deposits of soot

-Escarpment: a steep slope

Human geography

-levels of economic activity: Egyptian economy is second largest in world after Saudi Arabia, Mali is among 25 poorest countries

-Development of Africa – why did the two regions develop different: saharan is mostly desert which means less crops unlike sub saharan which has a habitable climate which is good for growing crops

-negative impacts of colonization in Africa: disease, famine, no strong central government all due to low infrastructure

-Berlin conference: purpose was to acquire resources, this was done by splitting up Africa in to the parts each country needed

-HIV/AIDS: prevalent in sub saharan Africa, AIDS is accompanied by HIV

-Arab spring: democratic movement through Arab world which protested against repressive regimes