Repetitive Strain Injury

Ergonomics

What is RSI?

RSI stands for Repetitive Strain Injury. It is a condition that is caused by prolonged performance of repetitive action. Normally this condition is diagnosed to the hands, as we use our hands the most. Having a non-ergonomic work space can lead up to this condition.

Symptoms and Stages of Repetitive Strain Injury

There are two stages of this injury.


Type 1 RSI:


  • Carpal tunnel syndrome (pain and compression of a nerve in the wrist)
  • Tendinitis (inflammation of a tendon)
  • Tenosynovitis (inflammation of a tendon sheath)


Type 2 RSI:


  • symptoms do not fit into a well-defined syndrome
  • no objective or measurable signs such as inflammation
  • no swelling
  • no problems with nerves
  • can be called “Diffuse RSI”
  • can also be called “Nonspecific pain syndrome”

Prevention- Ergonomics

There are many ways to prevent RSI. First thing is to feel comfortable in your workplace. Ergonomics is arranging your space to fit you better while making you feel comfortable and minimizing the risk of injury.
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  • Maintain a good posture
  • Adjust height of your chair and keyboard
  • Adjustable lumbar support recommended
  • Elbows should be at 90 degrees when typing
  • Forearms should be horizontal when using the keyboard and mouse
  • Keyboard should be about 28 inches off the floor
  • Feet must be flat on the floor
  • Monitor should be directly in front of you
  • Monitor should be arms length away
  • Use document holders to reduce eye and neck strain

Office Exercises

Exercises can also be done as a prevention to RSI. Here are some examples of exercises that can be done at your workplace.


  • Chin tucks
  • Neck rotations
  • Neck side bends
  • Neck forward bends
  • Chest stretches
  • Wrist extensions
  • Wrist flexing
  • Finger stretches

How to Know You Have RSI

  • Can sometimes be told by conducting a blood test
  • Nerve conduction tests
  • X-rays


You can also take signs from the symptoms listed above. Type one RSI may need surgical treatment.

Here is a Video About RSI:

What is RSI and what can you to do to prevent it? (www.explania.com)

Works Cited

“Exercises After Your Neck Surgery.” Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, n.d. Web. 02 May 2016. <http://www.athletico.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/chin-tucks.png>.


“Human Factors and Ergonomics.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n,d. Web. 01 May 2016. <https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c0/Computer_Workstation_Variables_cleanup.png>.


InstruxionAE. “What is RSI and What Can You to Do to Prevent It? (www.explania.com).” YouTube. YouTube, 04 June 2009. Web. 01 May 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=agZe-tyj_1s>.


Jackson Roberts. FAQs on Repetitive Strain Injury Claims. n.d. Web. 01 May 2016. <http://www.robertsjackson.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/RSI.jpg>.


Kenny Tim. “Repetitive Strain Injury.” Patient Trusted medical information and support. N.p. n.d. Web. 01 May 2016. <http://patient.info/health/repetitive-strain-injury-leaflet>.


“RSI Is Not Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Tutorial FAQ.” Community. Natural Point. n.d. Web. 01 May 2016. <https://naturalpoint.com/smartnav/community/rsi-faq.html>.


“SIMPSONS ERGONOMICS POSTER 11X17.” BONGARDE HOLDINGS. N.p. n.d. Web. 01 May 2016.<https://www.acklandsgrainger.com/images/items/zoom/12LP96_AS01.JPG>.