Vietnam War

Jami Baird, Brittany Saucedo, & Sydney McNabb

Beginning

Over the years, France fought Ho Chi Minh’s for control of Vietnam without success. In 1954 France finally agreed to a peace settlement. Vietnam was divided into two parts. In the north, the Communists were based in Hanoi, and in the south, the non-Communists were based in Saigon.
History of the Vietnam War 1947 - 1975 Map

War

Both sides agreed to hold elections in 2 years to create a single government. Instead the conflict continued. The U.S. was against the spread of Communism and began to provide aid to South Vietnam. More than 500,000 U.S. military personnel were involved in the Vietnam conflict.
Causes of the Vietnam War

President Lyndon Johnson

In March 1965, President Lyndon Johnson decided to send U.S. troops to South Vietnam to prevent a total victory for the Communists.The Communists government in North Vietnam responded by sending more of its forces into the south.


In the beginning, many of the leaders of Independent States in SouthEast Asia admired western and political practices. They wanted to form democratic, like those in the west along with capitalist states.

Protesting The War - Thousands Oppose Vietnam War _

Hope for Rapid Economic Growth Fails

By the end of the 1950’s, hope for rapid economic growth had failed. internal disputes within the new countries weakened democratic govs, opening the door to both military and one party autocratic regimes.

Southeast Asian societies showed signs of moving forward more democratic govs. One example is the Phillippines. There, President Ferdinand Marcos came to power in 1965. Fraud and corruption became widespread in the Marcos regime. In the early 1980’s marcos was accused of involvement in the killing of Benigno Aquino, a leader of the political opposition. The public forced Marcos to flee the country in 1986. Corazon Aquino, wife of the murdered opposition leader, became president and worked for democratic reforms.

Women in the South and Southeast Asia

Across south and southeast Asia, women's roles have changed a lot. After independence, India’s leaders wanted to extend womens rights. The constitution of 1950, didn’t allow discrimination based on gender and called on equal pay for equal work. Child marriage was outlawed, women were encouraged to tend school and work. Virtually all of the newly independent states granted women full, legal and political rights.



The united front had long and historic roots in Vietnam. Used earlier in the century to mobilize anti-French forces, the united front brought together Communists and non-Communists in an umbrella organization that had limited, but important goals. On December 20, 1960, the Party' s new united front, the National Liberation Front (NLF), was born. Anyone could join this front as long as they opposed Ngo Dinh Diem and wanted to unify Vietnam.
Overview of the Vietnam War

Events during Vietnam War

Seeds of Conflict 1945-1960

America Commits 1961-1964

The Jungle War 1965-1968

The Bitter End 1969-1975

Bao Dai

The last emperor of Vietnam, who rose to the throne in 1926. Bao Dai proved to be an ineffective ruler and was unable to exercise any of his powers without the support of the French colonial regime. One year after the Geneva Conference created a republic in South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem outsmarted Bao Dai and took power, after that Bao Dai retired to France.

Ho Chi-Minh

In 1945 he declared Vietnam’s independence and became the first president of the republic. In 1923 he was elected to the Committee of the Peasants International Congress.

You will kill 10 of our men, and we will kill 1 of yours, and in the end it will be you who tire of it.” - Ho Chi Minh

Lyndon B. Johnson

The 36th U.S. president, who promised to honor his predecessor John F. Kennedy’s limited U.S. commitments in Vietnam but ended up escalating the war drastically after the U.S. Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in1964. Empowered by the resolution, Johnson authorized Operation Rolling Thunder in 1965 to bomb North Vietnam into submission. When this failed, he sent more than 500,000 U.S. troops to Vietnam and ultimately converted the conflict into a protracted and bitter war.


"Just like the Alamo, somebody damn well needed to go to their aid. Well, by God, I'm going to Vietnam's aid." - Lyndon B. Johnson
The Vietnam War