Child Labor Laws

By Richard Robinson

Child Labor Laws

The federal child labor provisions, authorized by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) of 1938, also known as the child labor laws, were enacted to ensure that when young people work, the work is safe and does not jeopardize their health, well-being or educational opportunities. These provisions also provide limited exemptions.

Child Labor Laws for Georgia

Minors 16 and 17 years of age have no state or federal law work hour restrictions.

Georgia Work Hour Restrictions

Minors under the age of 16 may work no more than:

  • 4 hours on a school day
  • 8 hours on a nonschool day
  • 40 hours during a nonschool week
Minors under the age of 16 may :
  • Not work before 6 a.m.
  • Not work after 9 p.m.
  • No minor under 16 years of age shall be permitted to work during the hours when public or private schools are in session unless said minor has completed senior high school or has been excused from attendance in school by a county or independent school system board of education in accordance with the general policies and regulations promulgated by the State Board of Education

Child Labor laws in Africa

• The ILO has recently estimated that some 246 million children aged 5-17 years are engaged

in child labour around the world. Of these, some 179 million are caught in the worst forms

of child labour.

• Roughly 2.5 million children are economically active in the developed economies, 2.4

million in the transition countries, 127.3 million in Asia and the Pacific, 17.4 million in Latin

America and the Caribbean, 48 million in Sub-Saharan Africa and 13.4 million in the Middle

East and North Africa.

• Workers under 18 face particular hazards. For example, in the US, the rate of injury per

hour worked appears to be nearly twice as high for children and adolescents as adults.

Similarly, a survey of 13 to 17 year olds in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in

1998-99 revealed injury rates ranging from 3 to 19% of children working before or after

school. In the developing countries, an ILO study found average rates of injury and illness

per 100 children ranging from a low of 12% in agriculture (for boys) to a high of 35% (for

girls) in the construction sector.

• Africa has the greatest incidence of economically active children: 41 percent of children in

the continent are at work.

• On average, more than 30% of African children between 10 and 14 are agricultural