The Mississippi Civilizations
300 BC-1300 AD
The Anasazi civillization constructed dams, canals, and ditches to capture rain on top of mesa and the channel on to the gardens on the canyon floor. The houses were made of stone and adobe, they had multiple stories, and were similar to an apartment on the walls of the plazas or cliffs. There was a massive complex with more than 1000 people living there in Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon, the "Heart of Civilization." They built roads made for trading networks from Pueblo Bonito. Pottery, woven baskets, and turquoise jewelry were made by craftsmen. Late groups like Zuni and Hopi, the largest Pueblo groups in the world today, were heavily influenced by architecture and art. They probably left because of the many droughts they had in the area.
Adena and Hopewell
The Hopewell made it to Ohio valley at about 300 BC where they built 40 foot high 100 foot wide mounds. They are thought to have had a large trading system. Both the Adena and the Hopewell were called the "mound builders."